Buffalo Hunting

This exhibit shows a little insight of Native American Buffalo Hunting. Buffalo were very symbolic to the Natives because they were able to rely on them for survival. It was said that in the early 1800's, over 30 million buffalo roamed the Great Plains. The Plains indians relied on the buffalo for food, shelter, tools and also spiritual guidance. The Buffalo became popular in the Plains Indians religion and also played a major role in ritual and ceremonies. The saying "You are what you eat" really enhanced the relationship between the Natives and the buffalo. In this exhibit, I wanted to portray the importance of Buffalo to the plains indians but also show how they utilized the source. I picked 10 items that Natives used or related to Buffalo and Buffalo Hunting.
Curated by Jess Hicks

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This gallery has 10 objects

Made from hard woods(Oak, Hickory, Juniper, and Cedar). Arrowhead tied on with sinew. Arrowheads were sometimes poisoned when battling between each other but never for hunting.
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The Bow and Arrow was the primary tool for hunting buffalo. The Bow has a recurve appearance/shape. Sometimes used bone for constructing bows(Antlers). Arrows had three fletchings(feathers). Arrowheads tied in with Sinew from animals Cheyenne Tribe
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Natives used hides for shelter, clothing but also used them for telling stories. This hide in particular shows the tribe hunting buffalo and the process of utilizing what they harvested. Native Americans would illustrate big or special events on these hides to remember the key events This hide dates back to 1875.
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Used for Dress and Adornment, Rituals and Ceremonies, Hunting. This item has a felt liner and beaded work on the front. This style of headdress was worn by the Plateau Indians. This head dress included various numbers of hides Buffalo Mink Eagle(Feathers) Bobcat
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These reins were used to maneuver horses A way of transportation to getting to the buffalo and running them. 4 pieces of hide were used( Buffalo Hide typically). This particular item dates to the 20th century.
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Pack saddles had multiple purposes within the tribe. This pack saddle could be used transporting buffalo back to the tribe. They were able to haul more meat efficiency with the use of horses. This pack saddle dates back to the 19th century
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Item made of tanned hide. Held a Bow and some arrows. Added Fringe for appearance. Tied together with strips of hide and Sinew
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This tool was used for scrapping and tanning hides but also served other purposes. This item dates back to the 1870’s. Women were the main users of scrappers and knives because they were in charge of cleaning and tanning the hides.
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Used in the Sun dance ceremony The Sun dance was used in nearly all the Plains tribes The Sun Dance was led by the Sun Dance chief, followed by the holy men, and then a man carrying a buffalo skull. The Buffalo Skulls were typically painted red with a black line going down the middle of the skull.
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Used for disguise for hunting buffalo. Primarily used when running buffalo to the buffalo jumps.
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