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1988.8.280
Winchester Repeating Arms Co...
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1988.8.280 | ca. 1886 | L: 47 in, Barrel length: 27.375 in, H: 7.75 in | Gift of Olin Corporation, Winchester Arms Collection | The Model 1886 lever action repeating rifle was developed to handle powerful center fire cartridges. Based on a Browning patent (U.S. 306,577), with improvements by Winchester master designer William Mason, the Model 1886 incorporated strong vertical bolt locks and a very smooth action. Magazine capacity varied depending on magazine length and cartridge caliber (cartridges ranged from .33 W.C.F. to .50/110 Express). Receivers were casehardened until 1901, when blued finish became standard. This prototype incorporates Browning and Mason designs and is almost identical to the final production Model 1886. Minor differences include a receiver which is approximately 1/2-inch shorter, a more forward mounted hammer, slight difference in tang shape, circular opening in bolt top, and one extra screw and hole in left side of receiver. | NONE | Cataloged by BCD 4/91. Cartridge lifter does not work, and bolt does not push hammer to full cock. Old number W2038 is incorrect. | Model 1886 Prototype | .45 | 1988.8.280v2.jpg | 1988.8.280v1.jpg | firearm | stock | sporting | octagon barrel | finish | tubular | crescent buttplate | repeating | rear sight | blade | prototype | ladder | barrel | adjustable | two-piece walnut | front sight | magazine | in the white | Prototype Model 1886 Rifle Maker: Winchester Repeating Arms Co.; New Haven, CT Serial Number: None Caliber: .45 Date: ca. 1886 Catalogue Number: 1988.8.280 Gift of Olin Corporation Winchester Arms Collection The Model 1886 as finally manufactured incorporated designs developed by both John M. Browning and William Mason. | Winchester Repeating Arms Co., New Haven, CT | American

1988.8.284
Winchester Repeating Arms Co...
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1988.8.284 | ca. 1880 | L: 47.5 in, Barrel length: 26.625 in, H: 8 in | Gift of Olin Corporation, Winchester Arms Collection | The Model 1886 lever action repeating rifle was developed to handle powerful center fire cartridges. Based on a Browning patent (U.S. 306,577), with improvements by Winchester master designer William Mason, the Model 1886 incorporated strong vertical bolt locks and a very smooth action. Magazine capacity varied depending on magazine length and cartridge caliber (cartridges ranged from .33 W.C.F. to .50/110 Express). Receivers were casehardened until 1901, when blued finish became standard. This sample Model D, designed by William Mason, led to the development of the Model 1886. It appears to have numerous parts of the Model 1876 incorporated, such as the hammer, buttplate, sights, forend cap magazine tube and mount, and a modified lever. | NONE | Cataloged by BCD 4/91. | Experimental Mark D | .45 caliber | none | 1988.8.284v1.jpg | 1988.8.284v2.jpg | firearm | frame | blade | repeating | experimental | octagon barrel | front sight | crescent buttplate | rear sight | two-piece walnut | machining marks noticeable on receiver | magazine | finish | iron | stock | tubular | adjustable | sporting | in the white | sliding brass trap door | barrel | Experimental Mark D Rifle Maker: Winchester Repeating Arms Co.; New Haven, CT Serial Number: None Date: ca. 1880 Caliber: .45 Catalogue Number: 1988.8.284 Gift of Olin Corporation Winchester Arms Collection This rifle was designed by William Mason for use with high velocity cartridges. | Winchester Repeating Arms Co., New Haven, CT | Mason, William

1988.8.320
Johnson, Thomas Crossley | W...
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1988.8.320 | 1903 | L: 36.5 in, Barrel length: 20 in, H: 7 in | Gift of Olin Corporation, Winchester Arms Collection | The first semi-automatic rifle put out by Winchester was also the first successful simple, blowback action rifle ever made in this country to handle 22 caliber rim fire cartridges. It was announced to the trade in the July 1904 catalog as the Winchester Automatic Rifle Model 1903. The M/03 was developed and patented in 1903 by Thomas Crossley Johnson, who entered the employ of Winchester on November 30, 1885. During his long service with the company, he became nationally known as a successful designer and inventor of firearms. The M/03 was the first automatic (self-loading) rifle and also the first hammerless repeating rifle made by Winchester. Factory records show the first delivery of Model 1903 rifles to warehouse stock was made on March 2, 1903. About 126,000 were made. The Model 1903 is an automatic (self-loading) rifle with balanced breech bolt, simple blowback operated mechanism. This means that the breech bolt contains a quantity of metal proportioned to the weight and velocity of the bullet so that the shock of the recoil is absorbed by the breech bolt which in a sense balances the recoil. When the cartridge is fired, the bullet leaves the muzzle of the barrel before the breech bolt commences to move rearward. The design and weight of the breech bolt are so proportioned that there is no loss of velocity and energy of the bullet. In order to obtain the nicety of balance required to operate this type of mechanism, it was necessary for Winchester to develop a new cartridge for this model. With this self-loading type of mechanism, the trigger must be pulled and released for each shot. Trigger lock added December 1903, about serial No. 5,000. The manufacture of this model was discontinued in 1932, when it was redesigned and reissued the following year as Model 63, chambered for the 22 Long Rifle smokeless cartridge (Barnes: 1980). | top barrel/MANUFACTURED BY THE WINCHESTER REPEATING ARMS CO./-NEW HAVEN, CONN. U.S.A. PAT. AUG. 27. 1901. FEB. 25. 1902. FEB. 3. 1903-/WINCHESTER-TRADE MARK-/MOD. 1903 22 CAL AUTOMATIC | Winchester R & D label on left side of buttstock. | Model 1903 | .22 Winchester Automatic Rimfire | 182-- serial number cutoff due to cutaway design (last number possibly 3) | 1988.8.320v1.jpg | 1988.8.320v2.jpg | firearm | stock and left side metal removed from buttstock to show internal mechanisms | front sight | gracefully sculpted magazine loading opening on right side of buttstock | stock | magazine | recoil operated | walnut | tubular | drift and screw open | sporting | barrel | post | rear sight | round barrel | crescent buttplate | cross bolt safety in rear of trigger guard | finish | blued overall, except for bolt actuating rod, springs, and miscellaneous internal parts | cutaway | rifle | semi-automatic | Johnson, Thomas Crossley | Winchester Repeating Arms Co., New Haven, CT

1988.8.283
Winchester Repeating Arms Co...
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1988.8.283 | ca. 1911 | L: 46.25 in, Barrel length: 29.875 in, H: 8 in | Gift of Olin Corporation, Winchester Arms Collection | This demonstrator/salesroom sample has been cut away on the left side, from the chamber to the end of the tang. | lower tang/105793/upper tang/PAT. OCT. 7TH 79./-WINCHESTER-/top bbl/MANUFACTURED BY THE WINCHESTER REPEATING ARMS CO./NEW HAVEN CONN. U.S.A. PATENTED OCT. 7. 79. MAY 28. 07./38-55/ | Cataloged by BCD 4/91. There is no separate written record for this firearm. | Model 1885 | .38-55 | 105793 | 1988.8.283v1.jpg | 1988.8.283.JPG | 1988.8.283v2.jpg | firearm | barrel | ebony inlaid schnoble forend tip | sample | lever, block, and buttplate casehardened | varnished | adjustable | single shot | blued | sporting | drop block | octagon barrel | two-piece walnut | open | stock | finish | takedown | buckhorn | rear sight | front sight | blade | crescent buttplate | Cut-a-way Model 1885 Single Shot Rifle Maker: Winchester Repeating Arms Co.; New Haven, CT Serial Number: 105793 Date: ca. 1911 Caliber: .38-55 Catalogue Number: 1988.8.283 Gift of Olin Corporation Winchester Arms Collection This skeletonized Model 1885 was built for use by the Winchester company's advertising department in preparation of ad illustrations. | Winchester Repeating Arms Co., New Haven, CT