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Wild Horses at Pl...
Catlin, George | Painting | ...
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30.86 | ca. 1855-1870 | Sheet height: 18.5 in, Sheet width: 25 in, Frame height: 23 in, Frame width: 29 in, frame depth: 1.5 in | Wild Horses at Play in the Prairies of the Platte | Gift of Paul Mellon | Catlin, one of the first Euro-Americans to portray herds of wild horses, painted several versions of this subject throughout his career. In his journal, Catlin wrote: "There is no other animal on the prairies so wild and so sagacious as the horse." The strong, lively outlines defining the forms of the swirling herd convey their wildness, while their wisdom might be seen in their large, searching eyes, which signified an alertness that made it difficult for Catlin to approach them. | Top center: 142, LL: A (over 293), Secondary label: AMNH 293; Catlin 142, Top (in pencil): 142 | The invoice incorrectly states a total of 384 paintings. There were, in fact, 389 paintings purchased, 351 of which Mr. Mellon gave to the National Gallery of Art, Washington, in December 1965. 24 given to the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, November 1985; 4 given to the Amon Carter Museum of Western Art, December 1986; and the remaining 10 to the Buffalo Bill Historical Center, December 1986. Oil on paperboard on Bristol Board | 30.86.jpg | 30.86.JPG | 30.86.web.jpg | 30.86.jpg | Landscape | Animal | Painting | Oil on paperboard | George Catlin (1796-1872) Wild Horses at Play in the Prairies of the Platte ca.1855-1870, oil paperboard Gift of Paul Mellon, 30.86 George Catlin was one of the first Euro-Americans to portray herds of wild horses. Throughout his career, he painted several versions of this subject. In his journal, Catlin wrote: "There is no other animal on the prairies so wild and so sagacious as the horse." | Catlin, George

An "Oak Opening",...
Catlin, George | Painting | ...
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29.86 | ca. 1855-1870 | Sheet height: 17.875 in, Sheet width: 24.5 in, Frame height: 23 in, Frame width: 29.25 in | An "Oak Opening", Mouth of the Platte, with a party of Indians playing on horseback | Gift of Paul Mellon | Catlin wanted to keep his frontier paintings together as a collection so that the history of the Indian would be complete. | Top center: 315, LL: A (over 338), Secondary label: AMNH 338; Catlin, 315, title (in pencil), 315 | Needs photography. Oil on paperboard on Bristol Board | 29.86.JPG | Landscape | Indian | Painting | Oil on paperboard | George Catlin (1796-1872) An "Oak Opening", Mouth of the Platte, with a party of Indians playing on horseback ca.1855-1870, oil on paperboard Gift of Paul Mellon Catlin traveled throughout the West to paint Native Americans and their environments in the 1830s. He believed that Native American cultures were not going to survive, and made it a personal mission to document their traditions in his paintings. He created scenes late in life from sketches and recollections. 29.86 | Catlin, George

Minatarree Villag...
Catlin, George | Painting | ...
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26.86 | ca. 1855-1870 | Sheet height: 17.875 in, Sheet width: 24.5 in, Frame height: 23 in, Frame width: 29 in | Minatarree Village, Minatarree - Seven miles above the Mandans on the bank of the Knife River | Gift of Paul Mellon | In this painting, Catlin depicted himself with his two men crossing the Knife River (in present-day North Dakota) in a canoe. By including himself, Catlin reminds the viewer that the artist was a witness to the scene he painted. Today the Minatarre are called the Hidatsa. [label copy to follow] When Catlin exhibited his Indian Gallery in 1871, he did not frame the individual paintings. From his earlier exhibitions he had learned how expensive it was to ship framed paintings. Instead, he painted his subjects on paperboard in an oval format with a simulation of a frame. | LL: A (over 187); Top center: 136, Typed on label on support: AMNH, 187, Catlin 136 | The invoice incorrectly states a total of 384 paintings. There were, in fact, 389 paintings purchased, 351 of which Mr. Mellon gave to the National Gallery of Art, Washington, in December 1965. 24 given to the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, November 1985; 4 given to the Amon Carter Museum of Western Art, December 1986; and the remaining 10 to the Buffalo Bill Historical Center, December 1986. | 26.86.JPG | Knife River | Minnetare | Catlin, George | village | Indian | Painting | Oil on paperboard | George Catlin (1796-1872) Minataree Village, Minatarree - Seven miles above the Mandans on the bank of the Knife River ca. 1855-1870, oil on paperboard Gift of Paul Mellon When Catlin exhibited his Indian Gallery in 1871, he did not frame paintings. He had learned how expensive it was to ship framed paintings. Instead, he painted his subjects with an oval design simulating a frame. He painted a distant view of a Minataree Village using this creative formatting. 26.86 | George Catlin (1896-1872) Minatarree Village, Minatarree--Seven miles above the Mandans on the bank of the Knife River ca. 1855-1870, oil on paperboard Gift of Paul Mellon, 26.86 In this painting, Catlin depicts himself with his two men crossing the Knife River (in present-day North Dakota) in a canoe. By including himself, Catlin reminds the viewer that the artist was a witness to the scene he painted. | Catlin, George

Vapour Baths of t...
Catlin, George | Painting | ...
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23.86 | ca. 1855-1870 | Sheet height: 18.375 in, Sheet width: 24.875 in, Frame height: 23 in, Frame width: 29.125 in | Vapour Baths of the Pawnees | Gift of Paul Mellon | In 1871 Catlin exhibited his cartoon collection in New York, and the next year at the Smithsonian in Washington, D.C. In the catalogue accompanying the exhibit, he wrote about this painting, "In the highest state of perspiration the Pawnee Indian leaves his sudatory and plunges head foremost into the river, in the coldest weather of winter." | Top center on a label: 271; A (over 163), Typed on label on support: AMNH; 163; Catlin 271; Also typed lengthy title | The invoice incorrectly states a total of 384 paintings. There were, in fact, 389 paintings purchased, 351 of which Mr. Mellon gave to the National Gallery of Art, Washington, in December 1965. 24 given to the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, November 1985; 4 given to the Amon Carter Museum of Western Art, December 1986; and the remaining 10 to the Buffalo Bill Historical Center, December 1986. | 23.86.jpg | sweatlodge | Pawnee | Painting | Oil on paperboard | George Catlin (1796-1872) Vapour Baths of the Pawnees ca. 1855-1870, oil on paperboard Gift of Paul Mellon Of this painting, the artist wrote, "In the highest state of perspiration the Pawnee Indian leaves his sudatory and plunges head foremost into the river, in the coldest weather of winter." This work was included in a collection exhibited in New York in 1871, and the Smithsonian in Washington, D.C. in 1872. 23.86 | George Catlin (1796-1872) Vapour Baths of the Pawnees ca. 1855-1870, oil on paperboard Gift of Paul Mellon, 23.86 When Catlin exhibited his Indian Gallery in 1871, he did not frame his paintings. He had learned how expensive it was to ship framed work. Instead, he encircled his painted scenes with an oval design simulating a frame. | Catlin, George

Rain-Making, Mandan
Catlin, George | Painting | ...
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24.86 | ca. 1855-1870 | Sheet height: 18.125 in, Sheet width: 24.625 in, Frame height: 23 in, Frame width: 29 in | Rain-Making, Mandan | Gift of Paul Mellon | Catlin described this ceremony: "From excessive drought, the women begin to cry; their maize and vines are withering up, when the doctors order the young men to commence this ceremony of summoning the clouds and commanding it to rain, and they always succeed, for the ceremony never ceases, night or day, until rain begins to fall." | Typed on label: AMNH 193, Catlin 186, long explanation, Back UL: A (over 139), pencil 15-1/4, 211/2, Front LL: A (over 193), Top: 186 FR: label ?3, Bottom: typed label | The invoice incorrectly states a total of 384 paintings. There were, in fact, 389 paintings purchased, 351 of which Mr. Mellon gave to the National Gallery of Art, Washington, in December 1965. 24 given to the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, November 1985; 4 given to the Amon Carter Museum of Western Art, December 1986; and the remaining 10 to the Buffalo Bill Historical Center, December 1986. | 24.86.jpg | Indian | Painting | Oil on paperboard | George Catlin (1796-1872) Rain-Making, Mandan ca. 1855-1870, oil on paperboard Gift of Paul Mellon, 24.86 Catlin described this ceremony: "From excessive drought, the women begin to cry; their maize and vines are withering up, when the doctors order the young men to commence this ceremony of summoning the clouds and commanding it to rain, and they always succeed, for the ceremony never ceases, night or day, until rain begins to fall." | Catlin, George

Buffaloes (bulls ...
Catlin, George | Painting | ...
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27.86 | 1855-1870 | Sheet height: 18.625 in, Sheet width: 24.875 in, Frame height: 23 in, Frame width: 28.125 in, frame depth: 3.25 in | Buffaloes (bulls and cows) Grazing in the Prairie | Gift of Paul Mellon | In the early 1830s Catlin traveled throughout the West to paint Indians and their environment. This painting, like most of the Catlins in the gallery, was done late in his life from sketches and memories of his time on the frontier. | LL: A (over 292), Top center: 141, Secondary typed label: AMNH: 292; Catlin 141, title, Top center (in pencil): 141 | The invoice incorrectly states a total of 384 paintings. There were, in fact, 389 paintings purchased, 351 of which Mr. Mellon gave to the National Gallery of Art, Washington, in December 1965. 24 given to the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, November 1985; 4 given to the Amon Carter Museum of Western Art, December 1986; and the remaining 10 to the Buffalo Bill Historical Center, December 1986. Oil on paperboard on Bristol Board | Travel Guide: South Dakota: Fodor's Compass American Guides; T.D. Griffith; Compass American Guides, New York; Third Edition; 2004; page 156, acknowledgement, page 287 | 27.86.jpg | 27.86.JPG | buffalo | bison | Animal | Painting | Oil on paperboard | George Catlin (1796-1872) Buffaloes (bulls and cows) Grazing in the Prairie ca. 1855-1870, oil on paperboard Gift of Paul Mellon 27.86 | Catlin, George

The Last Race, Ma...
Catlin, George | Painting | ...
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28.86 | ca. 1855-1870 | Sheet height: 18.5 in, Sheet width: 25 in, Frame height: 23 in, Frame width: 29 in | The Last Race, Mandan (Eeh-K'na-K'nah-Pic) | Gift of Paul Mellon | During his time at the Mandan village, Catlin was able to witness a major religious cermony, the O-kee-pa, a test of manhood and a fertility rite. His paintings and written descriptions of the ceremony recorded a rite that was not widely known or well understood outside the Mandan culture. | Top center: 420; 137, LL: A (over 198), On secondary support typed label: AMNH 198, Catlin: 420, (in pencil): 420, Mandan | The invoice incorrectly states a total of 384 paintings. There were, in fact, 389 paintings purchased, 351 of which Mr. Mellon gave to the National Gallery of Art, Washington, in December 1965. 24 given to the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, November 1985; 4 given to the Amon Carter Museum of Western Art, December 1986; and the remaining 10 to the Buffalo Bill Historical Center, December 1986. Oil on paperboard on Bristol Board | 28.86.jpg | 28.86.JPG | 28.86.jpg | 28.86.web.jpg | 28.86.jpg | Indian | Painting | Oil on paperboard | George Catlin (1796-1872) The Last Race, Mandan ("Eeh-K'na-K'nah-Pic") ca.1855-1870, oil on paperboard Gift of Paul Mellon, 28.86 During his time at the Mandan village, Catlin witnessed a major religious ceremony, the O-kee-pa. The O-kee-pa was a test of manhood and a fertility rite. Catlin's paintings and written descriptions of the ceremony recorded a rite that was not widely known or well understood outside the Mandan culture. | Catlin, George

Primitive Sailing...
Catlin, George | Painting | ...
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22.86 | ca. 1855-1870 | Sheet height: 18.625 in, Sheet width: 24.75 in, Sheet height: 21.5 in, Sheet width: 27.75 in, Frame height: 23 in, Frame width: 29.125 in | Primitive Sailing by the Winnebago Indians, Upper Mississippi | Gift of Paul Mellon | Having lost his first series of paintings through bankruptcy, Catlin began in the 1850s to reconstruct his Indian Gallery by painting the scenes again. This second series he called his "cartoon" collection, because the works were painted on paperboard. The word "cartoon" derives from the Italian word for paper, "cartone." | LL: A (over 253) Top of board: 200, On back of secondary support: Primitive Sailing; 199; LC: 151/4 | Needs photography. Oil on paperboard on Bristol Board | 22.86.JPG | Indian | Painting | Oil on paperboard | George Catlin (1796-1872) Primitive Sailing by the Winnebago Indians, Upper Mississippi ca. 1855-1870, oil on paperboard Gift of Paul Mellon, 22.86 | Catlin, George

Prairies Burning,...
Catlin, George | Painting | ...
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31.86 | 1855-1870 | Sheet height: 18.125 in, Sheet width: 24.5 in, Frame height: 23 in, Frame width: 29 in | Prairies Burning, Upper Missouri, Prairie Meadow | Gift of Paul Mellon | Catlin traveled so that he would be able to visit Indians in their natural setting and to view scenes of Indian life such as this incident of riders fleeing from a prairie fire. He wanted his Indian Gallery to include scenes of everyday life, customs, ceremonies and portraiture. | LL: A (over 339), Sticker at top center: 317, Typed label on back of support: AMNH-339; Catlin-317 | The invoice incorrectly states a total of 384 paintings. There were, in fact, 389 paintings purchased, 351 of which Mr. Mellon gave to the National Gallery of Art, Washington, in December 1965. 24 given to the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, November 1985; 4 given to the Amon Carter Museum of Western Art, December 1986; and the remaining 10 to the Buffalo Bill Historical Center, December 1986. | 31.86.JPG | Landscape | Indian | Painting | Oil on paperboard | George Catlin (1796-1872) Prairies Burning, Upper Missouri, Prairie Meadow ca.1855-1870, oil on paperboard Gift of Paul Mellon, 31.86 Prairie fires, sometimes natural and other times lit by Indians, cleared out dead brush and promoted renewal of healthy grasses that attracted buffalo herds. Catlin once described a fire as a "raging tempest . . . rolling over the land its swelling waves of liquid fire." | Catlin, George

Mandan Village, M...
Catlin, George | Painting | ...
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25.86 | ca. 1855-1870 | Sheet height: 18.5 in, Sheet width: 24.75 in, Frame height: 23 in, Frame width: 29.125 in | Mandan Village, Mandan-View of the Missouri above the village whilst the women and children are bathing... | Gift of Paul Mellon | In the summer of 1832 Catlin spent nearly a month at Fort Clark on the Missouri River, adjacent to a Mandan Village. He found the circular formed, earth-covered lodges of the Mandan people to be very pleasing in appearance and included scenes of these homes in many paintings. | LL: A (over 182), Top center: (stenciled) 132, (in pencil) 131, On secondary typed label: AMNH: 182, Catlin 131, typed title | The invoice incorrectly states a total of 384 paintings. There were, in fact, 389 paintings purchased, 351 of which Mr. Mellon gave to the National Gallery of Art, Washington, in December 1965. 24 given to the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, November 1985; 4 given to the Amon Carter Museum of Western Art, December 1986; and the remaining 10 to the Buffalo Bill Historical Center, December 1986. Oil on paperboard on Bristol Board. | 25.86.jpg | 25.86.jpg | 25.86.JPG | 25.86.web.jpg | swimming | Mandan | earth lodge | Indian | Missouri River | Fort Clark | village | Painting | Oil on paperboard | Catlin, George