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C.A. Waterbury | American | ...
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1988.8.148 | ca. 1855 | L: 52.5 in, Barrel length: 30.5 in, H: 9.5 in | This Waterbury rifle must have been made to take self-consuming cartridges or loaded bullets similar to those used in the Hunt, Jennings, or Volcanic firearms. There was no cartridge shell, for there is no way to eject an empty case. The cartridge must have been self-primed for there is no provision for a separate priming mechanism. The magazine was filled and the gun worked in the following manner. There is a tubular magazine located below and parallel with the barrel. A tube-shaped section of this magazine, 3-3/4 inches long, was moved about 3-1/2 inches toward the muzzle of the rifle. When this had been done, a coil magazine spring and follower were brought up into the forward section of the magazine tube. This action revealed an opening at the upper end of the true magazine. Into the magazine were dropped 10 or 11 cartridges, that is, loaded and primed bullets. Then the magazine opening was closed, and the follower was lowered until it rested against the bullet nearest the muzzle. Next the bolt was unlocked by lifting up on a swinging thumb piece at the end of the receiver, and by drawing back on the hooked shaped finger piece on the end of the bolt the latter was opened. Next a hook-shaped finger piece below the forward end of the stock was moved out away from the barrel, bringing down the carrier with it. Onto the top of this carrier a cartridge moved, forced into that position by the magazine spring. A long steel plate upon which the carrier and finger piece is fastened acts as a spring, so that when it is released the carrier moves back into position, bringing the cartridge into line with the chamber and at the same time acting as a magazine cutoff. The bolt had been cocked on the opening motion; when it was closed and the thumb piece turned down to the right, thus locking it in place, the rifle was ready to fire. There is a sliding safety device to the rear of the trigger, operated by a supplementary trigger projecting below the trigger guard. This also serves as an extra finger rest. The single set trigger is adjustable by utilizing a set screw working through the forward part of the trigger guard. No patent has been found for this action. It is not known who C.A. Waterbury was or where he worked. It is believed that this rifle was made about the middle of the 1850s, perhaps designed to sell in competion to the Jennings or Volcanic, probably the latter. | top of receiver/C.A. WATERBURY'S/VOLLEY RIFLE/ | 1988.8.148v2.jpg | 1988.8.148v1.jpg | firearm | rifle, repeating | sights | buttstock | open type | round barrel | heavy | barrel | magazine | rifle type | tubular | stock tip | remarkable mechanical operation | pewter | unique | plain | walnut | sporting | C.A. Waterbury | American

Spencer Repeating Rifle Co.,...
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1988.8.1308 | 1860-1863 | L: 48.625 in, Barrel length: 31.875 in, H: 8 in, weight: 178 oz | Gift of Olin Corporation, Winchester Arms Collection | T of receiver: SPENCER REPEATING/RIFLE CO. BOSTON MASS./PAT'D MARCH 6 1860 [Back of trigger:] 17444 | a. rifle; b. tubular magazine | 1988.8.1308v1.jpg | 1988.8.1308v2.jpg | 1988.8.1308.JPG | rifle, repeating | firearm | magazine | repeating | lever action | tubular | Spencer Repeating Rifle Co., Boston, MA

New Haven Arms Co., New Have...
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1988.8.160 | ca. 1866 | L: 47.5 in, Barrel length: 27.125 in, H: 7.375 in | Experimental Winchester for a special long cartridge. The trigger has a set screw arrangement to govern the length of trigger pull. The action is similar to the Henry and the Winchester Model 1866. This rifle has a magazine tube sliding inside a fixed tube below the barrel. Three and 1/2 inches of the sliding tube are used as a handhold to pull out the tube. When the tube is withdrawn, shotshells can be put into the fixed tube from the muzzle end. As the inner tube is returned to its place, it passes over or around the shells in the fixed tube, and the magazine spring in the inner or sliding tube is compressed. Oliver F. Winchester had a patent for this type of magazine dated September 4, 1866, patent #57,808. | PL receiver/O.F. WINCHESTER,/NEW HAVEN, CT./U.S.A./ | Buttplate missing. | 1988.8.160v1.jpg | 1988.8.160v2.jpg | rifle, repeating | firearm | experimental | brass | gold finish to frame | blued | barrel | hammer and lever casehardened | unique contours to the long frame | medium weight | octagon barrel | brass frame | lever action | stock tip | New Haven Arms Co., New Haven, CT.

Winchester Repeating Arms Co...
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1988.8.169 | ca. 1868-69 | L: 43.5 in, Barrel length: 23.5 in, H: 8 in | The action in this rifle is similar to the regular Model 1866, except for the usual swinging hammer, which has been replaced by a plunger in the housing at the rear of the receiver. When the lever has been operated to place a cartridge in the chamber, a spring catch at the rear of the housing containing the plunger can be released, causing the plunger to move to the rear, out of the housing. As the plunger is pushed back into the housing, the action is cocked. When the trigger is pulled, a spring inside the plunger is released, striking a blow against the back of the double rim fire firing pins. This blow jars the firing pins forward, firing the cartridge. | top of barrel/WINCHESTER'S-REPEATING ARMS. NEW HAVEN. CT./KING'S IMPROVEMENT-PATENTED-MARCH 29. 1866. OCTOBER 16.1860./ | 1988.8.169v1.jpg | 1988.8.169v2.jpg | firearm | rifle, repeating | octagon barrel | walnut rifle style buttstock and forend | brass receiver, stock tip and buttplate | barrel | experimental | blued barrel, magazine tube, and sling swivels | unique, shrouded/hooded rear frame area, concealing sliding hammer and bolt | Winchester Repeating Arms Co., New Haven, CT