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1988.8.689
American | Spencer Repeating...
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1988.8.689 | 1863-1865 | L: 39 in, Barrel length: 20.375 in | Gift of Olin Corporation, Winchester Arms Collection | The Spencer repeating carbine was manufactured from 1863 to 1865; about 50,000 were produced. It had a tube magazine in the buttstock with a capacity of seven rounds. The bore measurement is .52 caliber. The 56-56 cartridge designation refers to the measurement at the top and the bottom of the cartridge case, indicating a straight case. The arm was patented March 6, 1860 and issued to C.M. Spencer of Manchester, Connecticut. The Spencer arm was made in carbine and rifle form with a total of 144,500 produced, of which 107,372 carbines and rifles were sold to the U.S. government for use during the Civil War. This arm had the personal endorsement of Abraham Lincoln as the result of a shooting match between Christopher Spencer and the President. One of the most widely used arms of the Civil War, thousands besides those ordered by the Government saw service as a result of individual and volunteer regimental purchases. Toward the end of the Civil War it was the principal arm employed by the U.S. Cavalry. | TOP OF FRAME: SPENCER REPEATING/RIFLE CO., BOSTON, MASS. PAT'D. MARCH 6, 1860. | The Spencer carbine was the most common carbine issued to Federal Cavalry during the Civil War. The magazine, which held 7 copper rimfire cartridges, loaded through the buttstock. Moving the trigger guard down dropped the breech block, extracting a fired shell, if any and moved a cartridge out the magazine and into the breech. The Spencer gained a distinct advantage when President Lincoln personally fired a Spencer at a trial demonstration and gave it his endorsement. (Flayderman's 5th and Spencer Repeating Firearms). | Spencer Civil War Model | .52 | 34768 | 1988.8.689v1.jpg | 1988.8.689v2.jpg | Civil War | American | firearm | plain | walnut | metal | trigger | iron | carbine | American | Spencer Repeating Rifle Co., Boston, MA

1988.8.1498
Joslyn Firearms Co., Stoning...
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1988.8.1498 | 1862-1864 | L: 39 in, Barrel length: 21 in, H: 8 in | Gift of Olin Corporation, Winchester Arms Collection | The Joslyn Model 1862 carbine was manufactured from 1862 to 1864; approximately 4,000 were produced. All were most likely purchased by the United States government for Civil War use. The brass mounted stock of the First Model differs from that of the Second Model, which is iron mounted. The tang of the buttplate is unmarked on the Model 1862, while it is stamped "U.S." on the 1864. The Model 1862 has an exposed firing pin extension at the back of the breechblock. On the Model 1864 this extension is protected by a circular shield. Also, on the Model 1862 a hooked projection serves as a latch for opening the breech. On the Model 1864 the latch for the breechblock is a spring-loaded knurled knob. Benjamin Joslyn was issued four patents covering this carbine action: No. 33435, Oct. 8, 1861 - No. 35688, June 24, 1862 No. 39407, Aug. 4, 1863 - No. 42000, March 4, 1864. | on lock: JOSLYN FIREARMS Co./STONINGTON/CONN [top of breechblock:] B.F. JOSLYN'S PATENT/OCTOBER 8th 1861/JUNE 24th 1862 [left side of barrel and rear sight:] T.K.L. | Joslyn Model 1862 Carbine, Type I | .52 RF | 1560 | 1988.8.1498v1.jpg | 1988.8.1498v2.jpg | 1988.8.1498v1.jpg | 1988.8.1498v2.jpg | Civil War | American | firearm | steel | walnut | brass | carbine | Joslyn Firearms Co., Stonington, CT, U.S.A.

1988.8.240
American | Savage Repeating ...
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1988.8.240 | 1861-1863 | L: 14.25 in, Barrel length: 6 in, H: 5.75 in | Gift of Olin Corporation, Winchester Arms Collection | The Savage Navy model revolver was manufactured from 1861 to 1865; approximately 20,000 were produced. It is distinguished by its heart-shaped trigger guard and double triggers. The ring trigger revolves the cylinder while the plain trigger releases the hammer. Nearly 12,000 of these arms were purchased by the United States government for use in the Civil War. They were produced under the H.S. North patent of June 17, 1856. | [on framestrap:] SAVAGE R.F.A. CO.; H.S. NORTH PATENTED JUNE 17 1856; JANUARY 18 1859. MAY 15 1860 | Savage Navy Revolver, c. 1861-1863. Caliber-.36. 6-shot, single action, percussion revolver, rifled. Two piece walnut grips. Casehardened hammer, loading lever, triggers and guard. All other metal blued. Octagon barrel, brass peg front sight, v-notch rear.The most interesting thing about this pistol, invented by Simeon North and Josiah Savage, is the method of cocking the hammer. The lower "ring" trigger is moved rearward, revolving the cylinder to move forward to form a gas tight seal for the chamber. The piece is then fired with the regular upper trigger. The revolver used a self-consuming combustible cartridge or could be loaded with loose powder and ball. U.S. government purchased 11,984 for use during the Civil War. | Savage Navy | .36 | 2467 (on label not verified) | 1988.8.240v1.jpg | 1988.8.240v2.jpg | American | Civil War | firearm | trigger | metal | walnut | plain | revolver | American | Savage Repeating Firearms Co., Middletown, CT

1988.8.1538
American | Fayetteville Armo...
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1988.8.1538 | 1863 | L: 56 in, Barrel length: 40 in, H: 8.5 in | Gift of Olin Corporation, Winchester Arms Collection | This Confederate rifle-musket is a composite of a U.S. Model 1861 with the addition, or replacement, of a Confederate-made lock and buttplate. U.S. Model 1861 Composite. (According to the old ARGUS record W.2677 - hmk). | on lock: 1864 C.S.A. (under eagle) FAYETTEVILLE [on top of barrel:] 1863 [on left side of barrel:] (eagle head) (proofmark) [on all three barrel bands:] U [on butt plate:] C.S.A. [carved in left side of butt stock:] G.W. LEE | A: gun B: ramrod Replacement Fayetteville lock. | U.S. Model 1863 Type II | .58 ML | 1988.8.1538v1.jpg | 1988.8.1538v2.jpg | Civil War | American | firearm | steel | wood | rifle | American | Fayetteville Armory, Fayetteville, NC

1988.8.681
Whitney Arms Co., New Haven,...
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1988.8.681 | 1863 | L: 55.5 in, Barrel length: 41 in | Gift of Olin Corporation, Winchester Arms Collection | The U.S. Model 1861 rifle-musket was manufactured under contract for the State of Connecticut from 1861 to 1863. Approximately 1,400 of these were produced by the Whitneyville Armory under a contract dated October 17, 1863. This contract was designed to conform to strict government gauge controls. Whitney had an earlier contract for 40,000 muskets signed December 24, 1861, which he did not pursue, but rather spent time tooling-up and producing State contract arms and the Plymouth rifle contract. | LOCK PLATE: EAGLE OVER U.S. WHITNEYVILLE, AND 1863 | A. musket; B. ramrod. | Attached to 1988.8.682 - bayonette | Whitney U.S. Model 1861 Contract | 1988.8.681v1.jpg | 1988.8.681v2.jpg | Civil War | American | firearm | trigger | metal | walnut | iron | plain | rifle | musket | Whitney Arms Co., New Haven, CT | American

1988.8.767
Cosmopolitan Arms Company/Gw...
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1988.8.767 | 1864 | L: 38.5 in, Barrel length: 19 in, H: 7.5 in | Gift of Olin Corporation, Winchester Arms Collection | The Gwyn and Campbell single shot, breech-loading, carbine was made from 1862 to 1865; approximately 8,5000 were produced. The arm was used by Union Cavalry during the Civil War and was often referred to as the "Union Carbine". | [lockplate-marked horizontally] GWYN & CAMPBELL (in arch) | PATENT | 1862 | HAMILTON; [front right receiver-marked vertically] UNION | RIFLE; [barrel, receiver, breech block] 4040; [under barrel] PT; [left side of breech] R | Gwyn and Campbell Carbine, .52 caliber. Single shot, breech-loading percussion rifled carbine. Walnut half stock, no forearm, very good condition, few scratches. Barrel, buttplate, breech block, and breech tang. Casehardened trigger and guard lever, lockplate, hammer and receiver. All metal very good condition with minor finish wear to barrel. Barrel round with short octagon section at breech. Conical bead front sight, sliding leaf rear. Sling ring and bar left receiver. Inspectors marks left stock wrist. (Gluckman, United States Muskets, Rifles and Carbines, p. 382) From tag: Cosmopolitan B/L Carbine, Civil War, Percussion Cap. Flat hammer. | Gwyn and Campbell "Union" Carbine | .52 | 4040 | 1988.8.767v1.jpg | 1988.8.767v2.jpg | 1988.8.767v1.jpg | 1988.8.767v2.jpg | American | Civil War | firearm | wood | blued | case-hardened | steel | carbine | Cosmopolitan Arms Company/Gwyn & Campbell, Hamilton, OH, U.S.A.

1988.8.828
American | Remington Arms Co...
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1988.8.828 | ca.1864 | L: 13.75 in, Barrel length: 8 in, H: 5 in | Gift of Olin Corporation, Winchester Arms Collection | The Remington New Model revolver was manufactured from 1863 to 1875; approximately 132,000 were produced. One of the major handguns of the Civil War, it was second only to the Colt Model 1860 Army revolver in military distribution. Approximately 110,000 were purchased by the United States government. This was Remington's last .44 caliber percussion revolver. | BARREL: PATENTED SEPT. 14, 1858/E. REMINGTON AND SONS. ILION, NEW YORK, U.S.A./NEW MODEL. | New Model Army Revolver | .44 | 91997 | 1988.8.828.jpg | American | Civil War | firearm | metal | plain | walnut | trigger | revolver | American | Remington Arms Co., Ilion, NY

1988.8.3285
Colt Patent Firearms Manufac...
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1988.8.3285 | 1855 | Gift of Olin Corporation, Winchester Arms Collection | The Colt Model 1851 Navy revolver was produced in America from 1850 to 1873, and in Great Britain from 1853 to 1857. More than 257,000 such revolvers were manufactured in all variations. This design was Colt's principal medium caliber revolver and was highly popular during the Civil War among both Union and Confederate forces. Among the "Colt Navy" revolvers purchased by the British War Department as a lot of 800 eventually sent to the British Canadian provinces in North America. Upon arriving in Canada, these revolvers were marked with a province abbreviation (in this case, "UC" for Upper Canada-Ontario), a troop code (in this case "D") and an issue number (in this case "10)") on the left grip. | Navy or belt (size) percussion revolver, British war department purchase (for Canada) | 1851 Navy | .36 (7 groove rifling) | 19628 | (barrel: 14952) | 1988.8.3285v1.jpg | 1988.8.3285v2.jpg | Civil War | American | firearm | steel | walnut | revolver | Colt Patent Firearms Manufacturing Co., Hartford, CT

1988.8.1359
U.S. Armory, Harpers Ferry, ...
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1988.8.1359 | made 1832; altered 1861 | L: 52.75 in, Barrel length: 32.75 in, H: 10.25 in | Gift of Olin Corporation, Winchester Arms Collection | This U.S. Model 1819, Hall breech-loading, Second Type rifle was produced from 1826-1838. It was converted from flintlock to percussion about 1850 or at the time of the Civil War. | [on top of chamber:] K (over) 42 [on top of breech:] J.H. HALL/H. FERRY/U.S./1838 [on left side of stock above trigger:] XX | A: rifle B: ramrod Converted to percussion, Confederate alteration, Adapted 1861-1862 | U.S. Model 1819, Hall's patent, Type II | .52 | 42 | 1988.8.1359.JPG | American | Civil War | firearm | steel | wood | rifle | U.S. Armory, Harpers Ferry, VA, U.S.A.

1988.8.1558
Cook & Brother, New Orleans,...
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1988.8.1558 | 1861 | L: 55.5 in, Barrel length: 39 in, H: 8 in | Gift of Olin Corporation, Winchester Arms Collection | This is a standard British Model 1853 rifle-musket with Cook and Brother Confederate lock. The gun was made at the Royal Small Arms Factory, Enfield, Middlesex, England. During the Civil War both North and South procured this Enfield arm. The Federal Government purchased approximately 428,000, and the Confederacy purchased approximately 400,000 such rifle-muskets. Ferdinand W.C. and Francis Cook worked in New Orleans, Louisiana, during 1861 and 1862, and at Athens, Georgia, from 1863 to 1864. They made Cavalry carbines, Artillery carbines, or musketoons, and Infantry rifles, under contract with the Confederate States government. Several thousand were produced in all types. | on lock: (Confederate flag) COOK & BROTHER N.O. 1861 328 | A: gun B: ram rod Rear sight missing. | British Enfield Pattern 1853 | .58 ML | 328 | 1988.8.1558v1.jpg | 1988.8.1558v1.jpg | 1988.8.1558v2.jpg | Civil War | American | firearm | wood | brass | steel | rifle | Cook & Brother, New Orleans, LA, U.S.A.

1988.8.692
American | Colt Patent Firea...
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1988.8.692 | ca. 1862 | L: 14 in, Barrel length: 8 in | Gift of Olin Corporation, Winchester Arms Collection | The Colt Model 1860 Army revolver was manufactured from 1860 to 1873; approximately 200,500 were produced. The Model 1860 Army was the successor to the Colt Third Model dragoon as a Cavalry revolver. Approximately 127,155 were purchased by the United States Military for use during the Civil War. Most popular revolver during Civil War, 127,156 M1860 Army bought by US government and many private sales. A rugged and reliable revolver the 1860 was manufactured up to 1873 with over 200,000 produced. (Flayderman's 5th Ed, p. 84.) | BARREL: ADDRESS COL. SAML. COLT NEW YORK-AMERICA. FRAME: COLTS/PATENT. | 6 shot, single action, percussion, rifled revolver. One piece varnished, walnut grip. Brass trigger guard, casehardened frame, hammer and lever, rest blued. Brass blade front sight, v-notch in hammer rear. Cylinder engraved with naval battle. | Colt Model 1860 Army | .44 caliber | 50222 | 1988.8.692v2.jpg | 1988.8.692v1.jpg | American | Civil War | firearm | varnished | walnut | trigger | steel | engraved | plain | brass | revolver | American | Colt Patent Firearms Manufacturing Co., Hartford, Connecticut

1988.8.1533
Colt Patent Firearms Manufac...
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1988.8.1533 | 1863 | L: 56 in, Barrel length: 40 in, H: 8.5 in | Gift of Olin Corporation, Winchester Arms Collection | This Model 1861 "Special" rifle-musket was designed by Colt's on the Enfield rifle pattern and was made under contract, 1861-1865. Although similar to the regular U.S. Model 1861, the Colt differs in the hammer and lockplate configurations. Between 75,000 and 100,000 arms of this type were produced by Colt's during the Civil War. The "Special" Model 1861 was also manufactured on contract by the Amoskeag Manufacturing Co. and E.G. Lamson and Co.; approximately 152,000 were produced in total. | on lock: 1863 U.S./COLT'S P (raised;) T, FA M (raised;) FG, C (raised;) O/HARTFORD, CT [on left side of barrel:] 5 V/P STEEL [stamped in wood behind trigger guard:] J [stamped in wood on left side:] (inspector's initials - illegible) [on right side of butt stock:] (outlined with small dots;) B | Colt U.S. Model 1861 Special Model | .58 ML | 1988.8.1533v1.jpg | 1988.8.1533v2.jpg | Civil War | American | firearm | iron | walnut | steel | musket | rifle | Colt Patent Firearms Manufacturing Co., Hartford, CT, U.S.A.

1988.8.239
American | Starr Arms Co., Y...
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1988.8.239 | 1858-1860 | L: 12 in, Barrel length: 5.125 in, H: 5.75 in | Gift of Olin Corporation, Winchester Arms Collection | The Starr Model 1860, double action, navy revolver was manufactured from 1858 to 1860; approximately 3,000 were produced. The United States government purchased a total of 200,250 of these revolvers. The Starr revolvers were made in double action and single action, and in Army and Navy models. The Army models were of .44 caliber. A total of 58,000 of all types were produced and the majority of these were used in the Civil War. Following the various Colt and Remington handguns, the Starr single action Army was the major model of revolver purchased by the United States government during the Civil War. | [on frame:] STARR ARMS CO. NEW YORK. [PL receiver:] STARR'S PATENT JAN. 15. 1859 [on cylinder:] 1818 | Starr Arms Army Revolver, c 1858. Caliber .44. 6 shot, double action, percussion revolver, rifled. One piece walnut grips. Hammer, loading lever and trigger casehardened. Barrel frame and cylinder blued. Double action should more properly be called selective fire. The "trigger" is actually a cocking lever that rotated the cylinder and moved the hammer back. As the cocking lever moved to the rear it came in contact with the "real" trigger, located at the very rear of trigger guard and tripped it. The pistol could be fired in single action by moving a small slide on the rear of the cocking lever and using the proper trigger to release the hammer. This was the third most popular hand gun purchased by the U.S. government during the Civil War. (Boothroyd, The Handgun, p. 138-9) -The old ARGUS record W.1550 and the 1987 Christie's appraisal refer to this revolver as the Starr Model 1858 Navy Revolver in .36 caliber (hmk) | Starr Model 1858 Army | 1818 | 1988.8.239v1.jpg | 1988.8.239v2.jpg | Civil War | American | firearm | metal | trigger | walnut | plain | revolver | American | Starr Arms Co., Yonkers & Binghamton, New York

1988.8.771
Sharps Rifle Manufacturing C...
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1988.8.771 | ca. 1864 | L: 47 in, Barrel length: 30.25 in, H: 8.5 in | Gift of Olin Corporation, Winchester Arms Collection | This is the Sharps New Model 1863, straight breech, breech-loading single shot rifle. It was manufactured 1863-1865; about 6000 were made. These straight breech models were a definite improvement over the earlier slant breech types and are the most common of the Sharps rifles and carbines, accounting for about 65% of total production. This model saw extensive use in the Civil War among Union forces. | BARREL: SHARPS RIFLE/MANUFG. CO./HARTFORD, CONN. AND NEW MODEL 1863. RCVR: C. SHARP'S PAT./SEPT. 12TH 1848. LOCKPLATE: R.S. LAWRENCE/1859. | Sharps New Model 1863 | C33088 | 1988.8.771v1.jpg | 1988.8.771v2.jpg | Civil War | American | firearm | steel | plain | military | walnut | trigger | rifle | Sharps Rifle Manufacturing Co., Hartford, CT | American

1988.8.1512
Burnside Rifle Company, Prov...
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1988.8.1512 | 1862 | L: 39 in, Barrel length: 21 in, H: 8.5 in | Gift of Olin Corporation, Winchester Arms Collection | Burnside carbines were manufactured in four model variations from 1858 to 1865. The United States government purchased about 55,000 of all four models for use during the Civil War. | on lock: BURNSIDE RIFLE Co./PROVIDENCE=R.I. [top of receiver:] BURNSIDE PATENT/MARCH 25th 1856/2233 [top of breech block:] 2693 [rear sling swivel base:] D | Paper tag glued on forearm 298. The old ARGUS record W.2585 referred to this Burnside Carbine as the Third Model Carbine "The Burnside single shot, breech-loading, Third Model carbine was produced in 1862; about 2,000 were made." Along with the following description: single shot | trigger ~ plain | sights ~ open ~ carbine type. | stock ~ walnut ~ no forepiece ~ iron mounted. | barrel ~ round - hmk 11/10/2004. | Second Model Carbine | .54 caliber | 2233 [top of breech block:] 2693 [rear sling swivel base:] | 1988.8.1512v1.jpg | 1988.8.1512v2.jpg | 1988.8.1512.v1.jpg | 1988.8.1512.v2.jpg | Civil War | American | firearm | steel | wood | carbine | Burnside Rifle Company, Providence, RI, U.S.A.

1988.8.1542
Palmetto Armory, Columbia, S...
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1988.8.1542 | 1851 | L: 48.75 in, Barrel length: 33.25 in, H: 7 in | Gift of Olin Corporation, Winchester Arms Collection | This U.S. Model 1841 rifle was made under contract for the State of South Carolina; approximately 1,000 were produced. It is considered a secondary Confederate firearm. The buildings of the Palmetto Armory were destroyed by Federal troops under General Sherman in the Spring of 1865. | on lock: COLUMBIA/S.C. 1852 [on top of barrel:] U.S./JCB/P [on upper tang:] 1851 [on rear tang of trigger guard:] K [on left side plate:] N [on butt plate:] U.S. 80 [carved in left side of butt stock:] HWM [in left side of stock:] (inside oval;) (illegible inspector's initials) | A: gun B: ram rod Rear sight and rear barrel band missing; replacement Palmetto Armory lock. | Model 1841 | .54 ML | 1988.8.1542v2.jpg | 1988.8.1542v1.jpg | Civil War | American | firearm | steel | military | brass | walnut | rifle | Palmetto Armory, Columbia, SC | American

1988.8.884
Sharps & Hankins, Philadelph...
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1988.8.884 | ca. 1864 | L: 38.5 in, Barrel length: 24.5 in, H: 7.25 in | Gift of Olin Corporation, Winchester Arms Collection | The Sharps and Hankins Model 1862 single shot, breech-loading, Navy carbine was manufactured 1862-1867; approximately 13,000 were produced. About 6,600 were delivered to the Navy Department for use during the Civil War. | RIGHT FRAME: SHARPS/&/HANKINS/PHILADA. LEFT FRAME: SHARPS/PATENT/1859. | Sharps Model 1862 | .52 | 8189 | 1988.8.884v1.jpg | 1988.8.884v2.jpg | American | Civil War | firearm | plain | walnut | drop block | metal | trigger | carbine | Sharps & Hankins, Philadelphia, PA | American