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Charlie Russell

Charles Marion Russell (March 19, 1864 – October 24, 1926),[1][2] also known as C. M. Russell, Charlie Russell, and "Kid" Russell, was an artist of the Old American West. Russell created more than 2,000 paintings of cowboys, Indians, and landscapes set in the Western United States and in Alberta, Canada, in addition to bronze sculptures. Known as 'the cowboy artist',[3] Russell was also a storyteller and author. The C. M. Russell Museum Complex located in Great Falls, Montana houses more than 2,000 Russell artworks, personal objects, and artifacts. Other major collections are held at the Montana Historical Society in Helena, Montana, the Buffalo Bill Center of the West in Cody, Wyoming, and the Amon Carter Museum of American Art in Fort Worth, Texas. Russell's mural titled Lewis and Clark Meeting the Flathead Indians hangs in the state capitol building in Helena, Montana. Russell's 1918 painting Piegans sold for $5.6 million at a 2005 auction.[4] Russell's works comprised a wide variety of topics, including major historical events and everyday life in the west. His work was noted for the frequency with which he portrayed well-known events from the point of view of Native American people instead of the non-Native viewpoint. He was noted for a keen eye on the social undercurrents of society and the meticulous authenticity with which he portrayed the clothing and equipment of both cowboys and Native people. His portrayal of women has drawn critiques and assessment from historians studying women in the west. The contrasting levels of sensuality in his depictions of white and native women is noted in his artistic transference of sexuality from white to Native women, so as to conform to the moral standards and perceptions of women in his time. Most of Russell's portrayals of white women are shown as "pure" and non-sexual, other than those paintings specifically depicting prostitutes. In contrast, his series of five Keeoma paintings and related images show a sensual native woman, with accompanying legends that Keeoma was a real person that Russell had loved. However, photographs show that the body model for these images was actually Russell's wife, Nancy, who in doing so, critics note, was able to express her sexuality in a way generally not allowed "decent" white women of the time.[18]

A Buffalo Bill Center of the West Virtual Exhibit
Curated by: Kara Fladstol


Resting
Russell, Charles M. | Painti...
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46.59 | 1908 | sight height: 6.25 in, sight width: 8.875 in, Frame height: 16.25 in, Frame width: 18.875 in | Resting | Gift of William E. Weiss | Russell loved the buffalo and used the skull as the motif in his signature. He was attracted to visions of the fading American West, such as buffalo in its day of dominance on the plains. | LLC: C M R/(skull)/1908 | Restrictions: May not be sold or traded under any circumstances | 46.59.JPG | 46.59.jpg | Group | Animal | Landscape | Painting | watercolor on paper | Charles M. Russell (1864-1926) Resting 1908, watercolor on paper Gift of William E. Weiss, 46.59 Russell loved the buffalo and used the skull as the motif in his signature. He was attracted to visions of the fading American West, such as buffalo in its day of dominance on the plains. | Russell, Charles M.

Roping a Rustler
Russell, Charles M. | Painti...
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19.73 | 1903 | sight height: 19.5 in, sight width: 28.5 in, Frame height: 37.25 in, Frame width: 45.25 in, frame depth: 2 in, mat width: 35.25 in, mat height: 27.125 in | Roping a Rustler | Gift of William E. Weiss | In 1903 Nancy Russell persuaded her husband to go to New York City, the art capital of the country. Roping a Grizzly was one of the paintings they took to exhibit and sell. A New York newspaper headlined an article about Russell, "Smart Set Lionizing Cowboy Artist," but the Russells did not meet with great success in sales on their trip. Later, however, this painting belonged to President William Howard Taft and hung in the White House. | LLC: C M Russell/(skull)/1903 | 19.73.jpg | 19.73.jpg | 19.73.v1.jpg | 19.73.JPG | 19.73.v1.jpg | 19.73.v1.jpg | 19.73.v1.web.jpg | Group | Animal | Landscape | Cowboy | Painting | watercolor on paper | Charles M. Russell (1864 - 1926) Roping a Grizzly 1903, watercolor Gift of William E. Weiss, 19.73 In 1904 Charles M. Russell and his wife Nancy traveled to New York City, the art capital of the country. Roping a Grizzly was one of the paintings they took to exhibit and sell. A New York newspaper headlined an article about Russell, "Smart Set Lionizing Cowboy Artist," but the Russells did not meet with great success in sales on this trip. Russell, however, shared a studio with other artists and learned from the experience. | Russell, Charles M.

Russell on Buckin...
Russell, Charles M. | Painti...
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60.72 | 1919 | sight height: 5.5 in, sight width: 5.25 in, Frame height: 15.5 in, Frame width: 14.875 in | Russell on Bucking Horse | Gift of William E. Weiss. | Russell and the movie actor William S. Hart were friends. As a joke, Hart fit a photograph of himself onto a photograph of a bucking rider and sent it to Russell. Russell then made this version using a photograph of himself and a painted bronco and sent it to Hart. | Restrictions: May not be sold or traded under any circumstances. Remarks (conservation): (written in pen) Date 1919. | 60.72.JPG | 60.72.jpg | bucking horse | Cowboy | rodeo | Group | Animal | Russell, Charles M. | Painting | watercolor, portion of photograph | Russell, Charles M.

Sagebrush Sport
Russell, Charles M. | Print ...
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17.80.118 | 1912 | H: 9.5 in, width: 14 in | Sagebrush Sport | LL: CM Russell/(skull) 1912, Printed LLC: c./B&B, N. Porter Phoenix-Tucson, LC: Sagebrush Sport, LRC: From the painting by Charles M. Russell | 17.80.118.jpg | Landscape | Cowboy | Animal | Group | Print | color | Russell, Charles M.

Sioux Torturing a...
Russell, Charles M. | Painti...
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47.59 | 1897 | sight height: 15 in, sight width: 20.25 in, Frame height: 23.75 in, Frame width: 29.5 in | Sioux Torturing a Blackfoot Brave | Gift of William E. Weiss | LLC: C M Russell/(skull)/1897 [verso, in pencil:] Sioux Indian (ill.)/ a Blackfoot Brave/ by Charles Russell/ the Cowboy Artist [verso, label, handwritten in ink:] 110/ Indians/ by Charles Russell (stamped:) ARTHUR H. HORNE ET AL./ ADMINISTRATORS./ 147 TREMONT ST. BOSTON (in pencil:) A [label:] 110. Exhibition Labels on verso for Buffalo Bill Historical Center, Frontier America, 1/12/88-4/3/88 venue; Buffalo Bill Historical Center, Frontier America, 12/13/88-2/25/89 venue | 47.59.JPG | 47.59.jpg | 47.59.jpg | 47.59.web.jpg | Indian | Group | Painting | watercolor on paper | Russell, Charles M.

Sketch - landscape
Russell, Charles M. | Drawin...
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84.60.83 | H: 5 in, width: 7.875 in | Sketch - landscape | Gift of William E. Weiss | Handwritten on sketch: Gray/Bluegray/Pale green/yellow, Stamped on reverse: From the effects/Charles M. Russell/Estate of Nancy C. Russell/June 1941, Handwritten on reverse LRC: A-7521-237 #67 | 84.60.83.JPG | Landscape | Drawing | pencil on paper | Russell, Charles M.

Skunk Wagon
Russell, Charles M. | Painti...
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99.60 | 1907 | sight height: 7 in, sight width: 11.625 in, Frame height: 15.625 in, Frame width: 19.5 in | Skunk Wagon | Gift of Charles Ulrick and Josephine Bay Foundation, Inc. | LL: CMR(skull)1907, Top: White Man's Skunk Wagon No Good Heap Lame | Magazine: Art of the West, article: Smile, Darn Ya, Smile by Vicki Stavig, Duerr & Tierney, Ltd., Minnetonka, 1999, page 52 | 99.60.JPG | 99.60.jpg | 99.60.jpg | cartoon | Group | Landscape | Indian | Animal | Figure | Other | Painting | watercolor on paper | Russell, Charles M.

Stampede
Russell, Charles M. | Painti...
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13.91 | late 1880s | Image height: 5.394 in, Image width: 8.976 in, mat height: 16 in, mat width: 20 in, Frame height: 18.5 in, Frame width: 22.375 in, frame depth: 1.25 in | Stampede | Gift of Mr. and Mrs. S.H. Rosenthal, Jr. | This watercolor was done while Russell was working as a night wrangler in Montana. Cattle stampeding after being frightened by a thunderstorm may have been seen by Russell during his cowboy days. Notice the outstretched legs of the cattle. This unrealistic portrayal of running animals indicates that Russell painted this watercolor early in his career. | on backing: #1219 | Not to be sold, traded or otherwise disposed of for two years from date of gift. | 13.91.jpg | 13.91.jpg | lightning | cattle | Painting | watercolor on paper | Russell, Charles M.

Sunshine and Shadow
Russell, Charles M. | Painti...
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100.60 | 1907 | sight height: 6.875 in, sight width: 11.25 in, Frame height: 15.5 in, Frame width: 19.5 in | Sunshine and Shadow | Gift of Charles Ulrick and Josephine Bay Foundation, Inc. | LL: CMR/(skull)1907, LLC: Sunshine and Shadow, URC: I Wonder What's The Matter/With Them Fool Hosses?, LRC: I Ain't Wonderin! From Looks/Them Hosses Is Wise | Magazine: Art of the West, article: Smile, Darn Ya, Smile by Vicki Stavig, Duerr & Tierney, Ltd., Minnetonka, 1999, page 53 | 100.60.JPG | 100.60.jpg | cartoon | Group | Animal | Figure | Landscape | Other | Painting | watercolor | Russell, Charles M.

Sun Worshippers
Russell, Charles M. | Print ...
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17.80.120 | H: 10.75 in, width: 16 in | Sun Worshippers | LLC: CM Russell, Printed LLC: Dick Jones Picture Co.---Great Falls, Montana, LC: Sun Worshippers | 17.80.120.jpg | Animal | Indian | Landscape | Group | Print | color | Russell, Charles M.

The Battle
Russell, Charles M. | Painti...
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20.70 | 1905 | H: 13.563 in, width: 19.375 in, Frame height: 22 in, Frame width: 27.34 in | The Battle | Gift of William E. Weiss | verso, UL: 2 (in a circle) [center:] 3 in Mat / Mount 41 / Call in Morning [on non-archival backing disposed of, center:] a5944/7 [bottom:] 19 7/8 x 13 7/8 [corner:] Davis - A - 5944 | LLC: C M Russell/ (skull)/ 1905 | 20.70.jpg | 20.70.v1.jpg | 20.70.JPG | Group | Landscape | Animal | Painting | watercolor on paper | Charles M. Russell (1864-1926) The Battle 1905, watercolor on paper Gift of William E. Weiss, 20.70 | Russell, Charles M.

The Broken O
Blake, Buckeye | Painting | ...
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4.89 | 1989 | H: 12 in, width: 15.315 in, Frame height: 24 in, Frame width: 26.5 in | The Broken O | William E. Weiss Purchase Award - 1989 Buffalo Bill Art Show | Contemporary western art often celebrates the continuity of western traditions. The cowboy became the dominant hero in the art of Frederic Remington and Charles Russell, and this subject finds reinterpretation in the work of recent artists. By using a cropped, casual composition, Blake depicted a present-day cowboy as a down-to-earth workingman. | lr: c Buckeye Blake 89 | 4.89.JPG | Cowboy | branding | Animal | horse | Painting | gouache on paper | Blake, Buckeye

The Bucker and th...
Russell, Charles M. | Sculpt...
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9.81 | 1923-1924 | H: 14.75 in, Base Width: 8 in, Base Length: 10 in, width: 8 in, depth: 10.5 in | The Bucker and the Buckeroo | Gift of William E. Weiss | In a letter written about the time he modeled this sculpture, Russell said, "Bronk riding is the greatest and only real American Sport, and it takes regular men to play the gam(e)." Russell copyrighted this sculpture in 1925 with the title The Bucker and the Buckeroo. After the artist's death, an author on Russell's works identified this sculpture as The Weaver, a title Russell actually had intended for an earlier sculpture. | Base below horse's tail: CM Russell (skull) [Foundry mark:] ROMAN BRONZE WORKS NY. | This cast has a foliage support of the midsection of the horse. It appears that Russell originally intended the sculpture to be made without that support, but it must have been to difficult to cast. Also, in this cast, the McCarty rope going from horse to hand of rider is a twisted wire; in other casts it is more substantial. | 9.81.jpg | 9.81.JPG | bucking horse | Cowboy | Animal | Sculpture | bronze | Charles M. Russell (1864-1926) The Bucker and the Buckeroo modeled ca. 1923-24, copyright 1925, bronze Roman Bronze Works, N.Y. Gift of William E. Weiss Many considered Russell to be a true cowboy artist. He worked briefly as a cowboy and included various aspects of their life as subjects in his art. He admired their horsemanship and wrote, "Bronk riding is the greatest and only real American Sport, and it takes regular men to play the gam(e)." 9.81 | Russell, Charles M.

The Buffalo Herd
Russell, Charles M. | Painti...
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21.80 | ca.1890 | sight height: 17.75 in, sight width: 23.75 in, Frame height: 27.5 in, Frame width: 33.5 in | The Buffalo Herd | Gift of William E. Weiss | For Charles Russell, the buffalo assumed mythic proportions. He used an outline drawing of a buffalo skull as part of his characteristic signature, identifying himself with the tragic fate of the animal that once dominated the American landscape. His paintings of buffalo herds stopping to drink from the river portray the unity of wildlife and land in the West. | LLC: C M Russell/(skull). Exhibition Labels on verso for Buffalo Bill Historical Center, Frontier America, 1/12/88-4/3/88 venue; Buffalo Bill Historical Center, Frontier America, 12/13/88-2/25/89 venue; Trust for Museum Exhibition, Remington, Russell, and the Language of Western Art | Newsletter: Fred Jones Jr. Museum of Art, The University of Oklahoma, Fall 2001, Remington, Russell and the Language of Art, page 3. | 21.80.jpg | 21.80.jpg | 21.80.V1.jpg | 21.80.jpg | 21.80.web.jpg | Landscape | Animal | Group | Painting | oil on board | Charles M. Russell (1864-1926) The Buffalo Herd ca. 1890, oil on board Gift of William E. Weiss Russell used a drawing of a buffalo skull as part of his characteristic signature, identifying himself with the tragic fate of the animal that once dominated the American landscape. His painting of buffalo drinking from a river displays the unity of wildlife and land in the West. 21.80 | Russell, Charles M.

The Cinch Ring
Russell, Charles M. | Print ...
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17.80.119 | 1909 | H: 8.5 in, width: 15 in | The Cinch Ring | LLC: CM Russell (skull) 1909/Copyright | 17.80.119.jpg | Animal | Group | Cowboy | Landscape | Print | color | Russell, Charles M.

The Custer Fight
Dunton, William Herbert | Pa...
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48.61 | ca. 1915 | H: 32.25 in, width: 50.25 in, Frame height: 39.125 in, Frame width: 57.5 in, frame depth: 3 in | The Custer Fight | Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney Trust Fund purchase | The Battle of Little Bighorn captured the attention of America. Dunton's painting features the Sioux warriors as the primary focal point rather than Custer's soldiers. In choosing this format, Dunton may have been following the lead of Charles M. Russell. In Dunton's painting, however, the focus on the Indian may be due less to an interest in portraying history from the Indian's point of view and more to a fascination with painting the picturesque Plains Indians with their war bonnets and painted ponies. | LLC: W. Herbert Dunton | 48.61.jpg | 48.61.jpg | 48.61.jpg | 48.61.JPG | 48.61.jpg | 48.61.web.jpg | Indian | Landscape | Animal | Group | military | Painting | oil on canvas | The Battle of the Little Bighorn in 1876 captured America’s attention. In William Herbert Dunton’s painting, the Sioux warriors—rather than Custer’s soldiers—form the primary focal point. This focus on the Indian warriors, however, may be due less to an interest in portraying history from their point of view and more to a fascination with capturing their picturesque war bonnets and the painted ponies they rode into battle. | Dunton, William Herbert

The Fetterman Fig...
Russell, Charles M. | Drawin...
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93.60 | 1922 | sight height: 8.25 in, sight width: 14.75 in, Frame height: 17 in, Frame width: 22.75 in | The Fetterman Fight (The Last of the Fetterman Command) | Gift of Charles Ulrick and Josephine Bay Foundation, Inc. | LL: C M Russell/(skull)/1922 | 93.60.JPG | 93.60.jpg | Animal | Figure | Landscape | Indian | Group | Drawing | pen and ink on paper | Russell, Charles M.

The First Wagon T...
Russell, Charles M. | Print ...
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17.80.123 | 1908 | H: 8.5 in, width: 15 in | The First Wagon Tracks (The First Wagon Trail) | LRC: CM Russell (skull) 1908, Printed LLC: Snook Trading Post, Billings, Montana, LC: The First Wagon Tracks | 17.80.123.jpg | Animal | Group | Indian | Landscape | Print | color | Russell, Charles M.

The Land He Owned
Russell, Charles M. | Drawin...
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92.60 | sight height: 6.625 in, sight width: 14.125 in, Frame height: 15.25 in, Frame width: 22.25 in | The Land He Owned | Gift of Charles Ulrick and Josephine Bay Foundation, Inc. | LL: CMR(skull) | 92.60.jpg | Group | Animal | Indian | Landscape | Drawing | pen and ink on paper | Russell, Charles M.

The Sentinel
Russell, Charles M. | Painti...
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14.70 | 1898 | sight height: 10.375 in, sight width: 12.375 in, Sheet height: 11 in, Sheet width: 17.875 in, Frame height: 20.25 in, Frame width: 24.375 in | The Sentinel | Gift of William E. Weiss | LL: CM Russell (skull) 1898 | 14.70.jpg | 14.70.JPG | 14.70.v1.jpg | 14.70.v1.web.jpg | 14.70.v1.jpg | Figure | Indian | Painting | watercolor on paper | Russell, Charles M.

The Shifted Pack
Gollings, William | Painting...
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2.71 | 1924 | H: 24.125 in, width: 34 in, Frame height: 30.5 in, Frame width: 40.5 in | The Shifted Pack | Gift of General Budd Marks | One of the first artists to live permanently in the state of Wyoming, Gollings settled in the Sheridan area to work as a cowboy. He began painting based on his experiences. Largely self-taught, he obtained some artistic training in Chicago and also learned from other artists such as Charles M. Russell and Joseph Henry Sharp. | LR: Gollings/(horseshoe) 1924 | 2.71.jpg | 2.71.JPG | 2.71.jpg | 2.71.web.jpg | pack horse | Big Horn Mountains | Cowboy | Painting | oil on canvas | Gollings, William

The Story Teller
Russell, Charles M. | Painti...
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11.74 | ca. 1893-1895 | sight height: 15.5 in, sight width: 18.875 in, Frame height: 24.375 in, Frame width: 27.875 in, frame depth: 1.875 in | The Story Teller | Gift of William E. Weiss | LLC: C M Russell/(skull) | Acoustiguide. Restrictions: May not be sold or traded under any circumstances. | 11.74.jpg | 11.74.v1.jpg | 11.74.jpg | 11.74.web.jpg | 11.74.JPG | 11.74.jpg | Indian | Group | Painting | watercolor on paper | Russell, Charles M.

The Wagon Boss
Russell, Charles M. | Print ...
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17.80.122 | H: 9.75 in, width: 13.75 in | The Wagon Boss | Printed LC: The Wagon Boss, LRC: Reproduced from the original oil painting by Charles M. Russell | 17.80.122.jpg | Other | fort | Group | Animal | Figure | transportation | Landscape | Print | color | Russell, Charles M.

Trail's End
Russell, Charles M. | Painti...
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95.60 | 1926 | H: 15.25 in, width: 21.125 in, Frame height: 21.5 in, Frame width: 27.5 in | Trail's End | Gift of Charles Ulrick and Josephine Bay Foundation, Inc. | This painting was on Russell's easel at the time of his death. | Acoustiguide. | 95.60.JPG | 95.60.jpg | Group | Animal | Landscape | Indian | Painting | oil on canvas | Russell, Charles M.