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Charlie Russell

Charles Marion Russell (March 19, 1864 – October 24, 1926),[1][2] also known as C. M. Russell, Charlie Russell, and "Kid" Russell, was an artist of the Old American West. Russell created more than 2,000 paintings of cowboys, Indians, and landscapes set in the Western United States and in Alberta, Canada, in addition to bronze sculptures. Known as 'the cowboy artist',[3] Russell was also a storyteller and author. The C. M. Russell Museum Complex located in Great Falls, Montana houses more than 2,000 Russell artworks, personal objects, and artifacts. Other major collections are held at the Montana Historical Society in Helena, Montana, the Buffalo Bill Center of the West in Cody, Wyoming, and the Amon Carter Museum of American Art in Fort Worth, Texas. Russell's mural titled Lewis and Clark Meeting the Flathead Indians hangs in the state capitol building in Helena, Montana. Russell's 1918 painting Piegans sold for $5.6 million at a 2005 auction.[4] Russell's works comprised a wide variety of topics, including major historical events and everyday life in the west. His work was noted for the frequency with which he portrayed well-known events from the point of view of Native American people instead of the non-Native viewpoint. He was noted for a keen eye on the social undercurrents of society and the meticulous authenticity with which he portrayed the clothing and equipment of both cowboys and Native people. His portrayal of women has drawn critiques and assessment from historians studying women in the west. The contrasting levels of sensuality in his depictions of white and native women is noted in his artistic transference of sexuality from white to Native women, so as to conform to the moral standards and perceptions of women in his time. Most of Russell's portrayals of white women are shown as "pure" and non-sexual, other than those paintings specifically depicting prostitutes. In contrast, his series of five Keeoma paintings and related images show a sensual native woman, with accompanying legends that Keeoma was a real person that Russell had loved. However, photographs show that the body model for these images was actually Russell's wife, Nancy, who in doing so, critics note, was able to express her sexuality in a way generally not allowed "decent" white women of the time.[18]

A Buffalo Bill Center of the West Virtual Exhibit
Curated by: Kara Fladstol


Bronco Buster
Russell, Charles M. | Painti...
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58.72 | 1915 | sight height: 11 in, sight width: 16.625 in, Frame height: 20.75 in, Frame width: 26.5 in, mat width: 21.875 in, mat height: 16.25 in, frame depth: 1.75 in | Bronco Buster | Gift of William E. Weiss | Semi-broken horses or "broncs," required considerable "unlimbering" by their riders. The bronco buster-a person who breaks wild horses-had the daunting task of mastering the full repertoire of tricks the horse was capable of inflicting. The theme of subjugation flourished in late 19th and early 20th century Western American art, and works that captured the taming of wild horses often served as a metaphor for the taming of the West itself. | LL: C M Russell/(skull)/1915/c. | Restrictions: May not be sold or traded under any circumstances. | 58.72.JPG | 58.72.jpg | 58.72.jpg | 58.72.web.jpg | Animal | Cowboy | Landscape | Painting | watercolor on paper | Russell, Charles M.

"Bucking"
Wyeth, N.C. | Painting | oil...
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2.77 | 1904-1905 | H: 38 in, width: 26.125 in, Frame height: 46.125 in, Frame width: 34 in | "Bucking" | Gift of John M. Schiff | N.C. Wyeth headed a family of three generations of artists. He was the father of Henriette and Andrew Wyeth and grandfather of James Wyeth. Henriette married one of her father's pupils, artist Peter Hurd. | LL: N. C. Wyeth/Jim's Canyon Colo./-1904- | Catalog rasionne: N.C. Wyeth: Catlaog Raisonne of Paintings, Volume one, Christine B. Podmaniczky, Scala Publishers Limited, London 2008, pages 136-137 | 2.77.JPG | 2.77.jpg | 2.77.jpg | Animal | Landscape | Cowboy | Painting | oil on canvas | N.C. Wyeth (1882-1945) Bucking (Jim’s Canyon Colo.) 1904-1905, oil on canvas Gift of John M. Schiff N.C. Wyeth headed a family of three generations of artists. He was the father of Henriette and Andrew Wyeth and grandfather of James Wyeth. Henriette married one of her father’s pupils, artist Peter Hurd. 2.77 | N. C. Wyeth made his first trip out West in 1904, even though he had already obtained several commissions for Western illustrations as a young art student. He worked for three weeks on a cattle roundup in Colorado, which provided the inspiration for a series of swashbuckling paintings about cowboys and life on the trail. Wyeth used these images to accompany “A Day at the Roundup,” a story he wrote for Scribner’s Magazine. | Wyeth, N.C.

Self Portrait
Russell, Charles M. | Painti...
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98.60 | 1900 | Image height: 12.375 in, Image width: 6.875 in, Sheet height: 13.5 in, Sheet width: 7.75 in, Frame height: 22.5 in, Frame width: 16.375 in, frame depth: 1.25 in | Self Portrait | Gift of Charles Ulrick and Josephine Bay Foundation, Inc. | With his feet planted solidly and his hat tipped back, Russell portrays himself as a stalwart and yet open person. He wears the red Metis sash that marked his individuality. As he wrote about himself, "I am old-fashioned and peculiar in my dress. I am eccentric (that is a polite way of saying you're crazy). I believe in luck and have had lots of it....Any man that can make a living doing what he likes is lucky, and I'm that." | LLC: Complements/of/CM Russell/(skull)/1900 [verso, top center:] #50 | 98.60.jpg | 98.60.JPG | 98.60.jpg | 98.60.jpg | 98.60.jpg | 98.60.jpg | 98.60.web.jpg | Portrait | Russell, Charles M. | Painting | watercolor on paper | Russell, Charles M.

Ambushed
Russell, Charles M. | Print ...
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17.80.121 | 1911 | H: 13.75 in, width: 9.75 in | Ambushed | LL: CM Russell/(skull) 1911, LLC: N. Porter Co., Phoenix, Arizona, LC: Ambushed, LRC: c./B&B, Reproduced by Brown & Bigelow from the original painting by Charles M. Russell | 17.80.121.jpg | Group | Cowboy | Animal | Landscape | Print | color | Russell, Charles M.

An Unscheduled Stop
Russell, Charles M. | Print ...
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17.80.117 | 1913 | H: 9.5 in, width: 13.875 in | An Unscheduled Stop | LL: CM Russell (skull) 1913, Printed LC: An Unscheduled Stop, Handwritten #13, LRC: Reproduced from the original oil painting by Charles M. Russell | 17.80.117.jpg | Figure | Animal | Group | transportation | Landscape | Print | color | Russell, Charles M.

A Bronc to Breakf...
Russell, Charles M. | Print ...
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17.80.124 | 1908 | H: 8.375 in, width: 14.875 in | A Bronc to Breakfast | LLC: CM Russell/1908 (skull), Printed LLC: c./B&B, LC: A Bronc to Breakfast, LRC: Reproduced from the original oil painting by Charles M. Russell | 17.80.124.jpg | Cowboy | Group | transportation | Animal | Landscape | Print | color | Russell, Charles M.

A Bronc Twister
Russell, Charles M. | Sculpt...
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8.81 | 1929-1934 | H: 17.875 in, L: 14.875 in, width: 9.125 in, Base Length: 12.5 in, Base Width: 10 in | A Bronc Twister | Gift of William E. Weiss, | Base, below horse's left hoof: c.(with a circle around it)/C M Russell/[skull]; side of base, rear: CALIF.ART.BRONZE.FNRY.L.A.; ...(three lines) | Remarks: Right foreleg of horse is cracked. (2-25-82) | Exhibition catalog: RRR Remington & Russell Revisited: Celebrating the Arts of Two Masters, Brian W. Dippie, Guest Curator, National Museum of Wildlife Art, 2007, page 7 | 8.81.JPG | 8.81.jpg | 8.81.jpg | 8.81.web.jpg | Animal | Cowboy | Sculpture | bronze | Russell, Charles M.

A Serious Predica...
Russell, Charles M. | Print ...
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17.80.126 | 1908 | H: 8.5 in, width: 15 in | A Serious Predicament | LLC: CM Russell (skull) 1908, Printed LLC: c./B&B, Gokey Company, St. Paul, Minn, LC: A Serious Predicament, LRC: Reproduced from the original oil painting by Charles M. Russell | 17.80.126.jpg | Animal | Group | Landscape | Cowboy | Print | color | Russell, Charles M.

Bear and Jug
Nelli Art Bronze Works, L.A....
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76.72 | H: 5.125 in, width: 3.25 in, L: 3.75 in | Bear and Jug | Gift from Private Collection | Back, left side: CMR (skull) [Back:] NELLI. ART./ BRONZE. WORKS. LA | Not to be sold, traded or exchanged. | 76.72.jpg | bear | Sculpture | bronze | Nelli Art Bronze Works, L.A. | Russell, Charles M.

Bringing Home the...
Russell, Charles M. | Painti...
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19.70 | 1909 | sight height: 15.125 in, sight width: 27.25 in, Frame height: 24.125 in, Frame width: 36 in, frame depth: 3.25 in | Bringing Home the Spoils | Gift of William E. Weiss | An Indian bringing back the bounty from a raid inspired one of Russell's most mature oil paintings. Painted in cool blues and greens, Bringing Home the Spoils features the triumphant White Quiver whose serenity and mastery of his world is reflected in his dominant position in this picture. | LLC: CM Russell/(skull)/1909 | 19.70.JPG | 19.70.jpg | 19.70.jpg | 19.70.jpg | 19.70.web.jpg | Group | Landscape | Animal | Indian | Painting | oil on canvas | An Indian returning with bounty from a raid inspired one of Charles M. Russell's most mature oil paintings. By the time Russell arrived in Montana in the 1880s, the great buffalo herds had been decimated and American Indians were being relocated to reservations. Russell was sympathetic to the plight of neighboring Northern Plains tribes and was particularly interested in their traditional way of life. In his paintings and sculptures, Russell ignored the contemporary conditions of America’s Indian cultures, preferring to imagine them in the days before Euro-American settlement. | Russell, Charles M.

Bull Head Lodge
Russell, Charles M. | Painti...
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90.60 | 1906 | H: 9 in, width: 8.875 in, Frame height: 16.25 in, Frame width: 14.625 in | Bull Head Lodge | Gift of Charles Ulrick and Josephine Bay Foundation, Inc. | On the shore of Lake McDonald, now Glacier National Park, Russell had a log cabin built as a retreat. He named it Bull Head Lodge after the buffalo skull which he used in his signature. | Bottom center: CMR/(skull)/1906 | Book: Charles M. Russell, The Storyteller's Art by Raphael James Cristy; University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, 2004, plate 11 (following page 172). | 90.60.JPG | 90.60.jpg | 90.60.jpg | cabin | Landscape | Painting | watercolor on birch bark | Russell, Charles M.

Cowboys from the ...
Russell, Charles M. | Painti...
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59.72 | 1904 | H: 11 in, width: 16 in, Frame height: 20 in, Frame width: 24.5 in | Cowboys from the Bar Triangle | Gift of William E. Weiss | Restrictions: May not be sold or traded under any circumstances. Remarks (conservation): (written in pen) Date 1904. | LLC: C M Russell (skull) 1904 | 59.72.jpg | 59.72.JPG | 59.72.jpg | 59.72.web.jpg | Animal | Group | Cowboy | Landscape | Painting | watercolor on paper | Russell, Charles M.

Cowboy Making Sig...
Russell, Charles M. | Painti...
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37.73 | ca. 1888-1892 | H: 9.188 in, width: 11.688 in, mat height: 14.5 in, mat width: 0 in, Frame height: 18.5 in, Frame width: 21 in | Cowboy Making Sign Talk to Indian | Sketch of Baby Deer (on reverse) | Gift of William E. Weiss. | The artwork is one piece of paper with two different works on each side. No dimensions are listed. Cowboy Making Sign Talk to Indian noted as (A); and Sketch of Baby Deer noted as (B) to differentiate the film images. | 37.73.a.jpg | 37.73.JPG | 37.73.v2.jpg | 37.73.b.jpg | 37.73a.jpg | 37.73b.jpg | Cowboy | Indian | Animal | Painting | Drawing | (A) watercolor on toned paper | watercolor on paper | (B) pencil on paper | Russell, Charles M.

Crow Medicine Men
Borein, Edward | Painting | ...
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5.68 | sight height: 6.375 in, sight width: 8.875 in, Frame height: 16.5 in, Frame width: 19 in | Crow Medicine Men | Gift of Corliss C. and Audrienne H. Moseley | An admirer of the work of Charles Russell, Borein first met the Montana artist in New York City. Later Russell helped Borein get an assignment for advertisements of the Calgary Stampede and Borein traveled with the Russells to that rodeo. Afterwards he went out sketching Indians with Russell. | LRC: Edward Borein | 5.68.jpg | 5.68.JPG | 5.68.jpg | Animal | Indian | Landscape | Group | Painting | watercolor | Borein, Edward

Dangerous Ground
Russell, Charles M. | Painti...
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22.70 | 1902 | sight height: 10.375 in, sight width: 14.5 in, mat height: 12.625 in, mat width: 16.1875 in, Frame height: 16.75 in, Frame width: 21 in, frame depth: 1.5 in | Dangerous Ground | Gift of William E. Weiss | Donated to the Historical Center as Indians Walking Horses, this painting was originally given a different title by Russell. Recently, while rematting the work, the words Dangerous Ground were discovered on the back. This inscription corresponds to a work described by Russell in a letter to George W. Kerr of St. Louis. The correlation between the painting and the letter ensure that this work of art is Dangerous Ground. | LLC: C M Russell/(skull)/1902 [verso, uc: WCA 1699 [verso, c.c.:] Dangerous Ground [verso, w.c.:] on illustration board | 22.70.v1.jpg | 22.70.JPG | 22.70.jpg | Group | Landscape | Indian | Animal | Painting | watercolor on paper | Russell, Charles M.

Death Lurks Where...
Russell, Charles M. | Drawin...
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101.60 | sight height: 7.25 in, sight width: 10.5 in, Frame height: 15 in, Frame width: 17.75 in | Death Lurks Where Gold Lures | Gift of Charles Ulrick and Josephine Bay Foundation, Inc. | LL: CMR(skull) | 101.60.JPG | 101.60.jpg | Indian | Landscape | Animal | Figure | Drawing | pen and ink on paper | Russell, Charles M.

Deer Grazing (Sno...
Russell, Charles M. | Painti...
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22.73 | 1912 | sight height: 11 in, sight width: 17.875 in, Frame height: 20.75 in, Frame width: 27.75 in | Deer Grazing (Snow Capped Mountain with Deer) | Gift of William E. Weiss | LLC: C M Russell/(skull)/1912 | Restrictions: May not be sold or traded under any circumstances. Source: (Weiss collection #9) | 22.73.jpg | 22.73.JPG | Group | Landscape | Animal | Painting | oil on board | Russell, Charles M.

Deer in Winter
Russell, Charles M. | Painti...
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20.73 | sight height: 15.5 in, sight width: 26.25 in, Frame height: 25.25 in, Frame width: 36.25 in, frame depth: 3.25 in | Deer in Winter | Gift of William E. Weiss | LLC: C M Russell/(skull) | 20.73.JPG | 20.73.jpg | Landscape | Group | Animal | Painting | oil on canvas | Russell, Charles M.

Dude Wrangler
Russell, Charles M. | Painti...
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26.73 | ca. 1915 | sight height: 11.5 in, sight width: 17.375 in, Frame height: 21 in, Frame width: 26.75 in | Dude Wrangler | Gift of William E. Weiss. | Russell said, "The West we knew . . . is an old woman now but we still love her." Known as dudes, tourists clamored for a taste fo the old West. In Montana they were fascinated by encounters with Charles Russell who enjoyed telling stories, posing for photographs and even twirling women dudes on the dance floor; he knew all the latest steps. | Restrictions: May not be sold or traded under any circumstances. Source: (Weiss collection #40) | 26.73.JPG | Group | Animal | Figure | Landscape | Painting | watercolor on paper | Russell, Charles M.

Escape
Russell, Charles M. | Painti...
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21.73 | 1908 | H: 17.625 in, width: 12 in, Frame height: 26.75 in, Frame width: 21.5 in | Escape | Gift of William E. Weiss | Russell painted Escape to illustrate a story he wrote for Outing Magazine titled: "A Pair of Outlaws." When the magazine hit financial trouble, Russell's stories were discontinued. Finally in 1926, the story was resurrected for Russell's book, Trails Plowed Under. Russell apparently decided to create a new illustration for the book, and Escape was never published. | LLC: C M R/(skull)/1908 | Restrictions: May not be sold or traded under any circumstances. Source: (Weiss collection #4) | 21.73.JPG | 21.73.jpg | 21.73.jpg | Indian | Cowboy | Animal | Painting | black and white oil on canvas | Charles M. Russell (1864-1926) Escape 1908, black and white oil on canvas Gift of William E. Weiss, 21.73 Russell painted Escape to illustrate a story he wrote for Outing Magazine titled "A Pair of Outlaws." Unfortunately, Russell's story was discontinued when the magazine hit financial trouble. Finally in 1926, the story was resurrected for Russell's book, Trails Plowed Under. Russell apparently decided to create a new illustration for the book, and Escape was never published. | Russell, Charles M.

Fight at the Roun...
Gollings, William | Painting...
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9.69 | 1928 | H: 32.125 in, width: 42.125 in, Frame height: 37 in, Frame width: 47.125 in | Fight at the Roundup Saloon | Gollings, like Charles M. Russell, worked as a cowboy when he was young and later turned to art for a career. Russell's paintings of action-packed gunbattles near saloons directly influenced this work. By painting a night scene, Gollings indicates that he was also aware of Frederic Remington's nocturnes. | LR: Gollings (horseshoe)/1928 | Film: Sharp Shooters; The History Channel; film; Workaholic Productions, Inc., Sherman Oaks; 2006 | 9.69.JPG | 9.69.jpg | Cowboy | Painting | oil on canvas | Gollings, William

Friend Perc | [ol...
Russell, Charles M. | Drawin...
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105.60 | 3/27/1920 | sight height: 3.25 in, sight width: 5.125 in, Frame height: 15 in, Frame width: 16.75 in | Friend Perc | [old title] Arrival of the Stage | Gift of William E. Weiss | In addition to being a talented painter, Russell was a skillful storyteller who often illustrated his correspondence with sketches in pen or watercolor. He sent letters to his wife Nancy, to patrons and fellow artists, saloonkeepers and cowboys. Russell sent this card from Pasadena, California to Percy Raban, a reporter for the Great Falls Tribune, as a thank-you for Raban's birthday wishes. | LRC: Pasadina/Cal/March 27/1920; URC: your friend C M Russell; envelope: H.P. Raban/Ford Bldg/Great Falls/mont LLC: no ol (in pencil); URC: postmark: PASADENA/MAR 29/12 M/1920/CAL.; URC: US POSTAGE 2 CENTS stamp | 105.60.jpg | Landscape | horse | transportation | Cowboy | Drawing | pen and ink on paper | watercolor | Russell, Charles M.

Herd Quitter
Russell, Charles M. | Print ...
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17.80.132D | 1897 | H: 4.25 in, width: 5.5 in | Herd Quitter | LLC: CM Russell (skull) 1897, Printed LLC: Litho. in U.S.A./U.O.C. Co., LC: Herd Quitter, LRC: c. Historical Society of Montana/All Rights Reserved | A - color proof, B - yellow/blue proof, C - red/black proof, D - color proof | 17.80.132D.jpg | 17.80.132d.jpg | Animal | Cowboy | Group | Landscape | Print | color proof | Russell, Charles M.

Raban, Percy, 5/3...
Russell, Charles M. | illust...
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69.60 | URC: May 3d 1907 | H: 6.25 in, width: 9.686 in, Frame height: 16 in, Frame width: 19.5 in | Raban, Percy, 5/3/1907 | Gift of William E. Weiss | In 1907 Russell traveled to New York City to present his first one-man show i the art capital. His letter to newspaperman Percy Raban indicates Russell's preference for Great Falls, Montana, over the big city. While in New York, Russell saw William F. "Buffalo Bill" Cody's Wild West exhibition at Madison Square Garden. OR Russell wrote about seeing Buffalo Bill's Wild West to his friend Percy Raban, a newspaperman. | May 3d 1907 Friend Percy I am still on dear old brodway among the cliff dwelers every body lives high here but they aint got me skined much Im camped above timber line myself I was down at Madison Square gardon the other day an met Cody he's lost most of his hair in the London fog but his back locks are still long. the show was good real cow boys an Indians this reminds me of central ave but laving all jokes aside Il take our Streets bumps an all NY with cabs under ground an sky sayling car liner is all right for them that like her. but I know a town with two mil of track an a fiew tracks thats swift anough for me give me the camp where I savy the people sketch caption: Heys a Live one | Restrictions: May not be sold or traded under any circumstances. No signature on front | 69.60.jpg | 69.60.JPG | 69.60.jpg | 69.60.jpg | transportation | Figure | Animal | illustrated letter | watercolor on paper | pen and ink | Russell, Charles M.