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Buffalo: Repurpose. Reuse. Recycle

How the Native Americans used every part of the buffalo.

A Buffalo Bill Center of the West Virtual Exhibit
Curated by: Marg2309


NA.203.18
Northern Plains | Crow | Buf...
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NA.203.18 | ca. 1860 | width of cap: 9 in | Catherine Bradford McClellan Collection, Gift of The Coe Foundation | Dress and Adornment - Personal Adornments & Ritual Regalia. Object: Horn headdress - red wool cloth spine with tanned hide skull cap. Hawk feathers and split buffalo horns attached to skull piece with overlay bead decoration across front band with red string tassles on each side. Eagle feathers down center of trailer. Tribe: Crow or Arikara. | Magazine: Antiques Roadshow Insider, Volume 5, Number 6, June 2005, Feathers of a Bird by John Buxton and Bill Mercer, Antiques Insider, LLC, Norwalk, page 10 | NA.203.18.JPG | NA.203.18.jpg | overlay | bead decoration | Buffalo Horn Bonnet | feathers | wool | glass beads | pony | split | tanned | bells | cloth | string | deer hide | brass | buffalo | eagle | feather | horns | hawk | Northern Plains | Crow

NA.203.136
Northern Plains | Gros Ventr...
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NA.203.136 | ca. 1880 | overall length: 43 in | Irving H. "Larry" Larom Collection | Dress and Adornment - Personal Adornment. Horn bonnet - buffalo hide skull cap with checked cloth lining, two buffalo horns attached. Row of brass bells along edge. Strips of black wool extending from sides. Eagle feathers at back with red wool wrapped stems, several tassles of braided human hair attached. | NA.203.136view1.JPG | NA.203.136view2.JPG | NA.203.136view2.JPG | NA.203.136view1.JPG | NA.203.136.JPG | Buffalo Horn Bonnet | wool | feathers | hide | cotton | cloth | buffalo | horns | eagle | brass | human | hair | bells | Northern Plains | Gros Ventre

NA.203.1549
Northern Plains | Buffalo Ho...
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NA.203.1549 | mid 20th century | L: 22 in, H: 12 in, width: 18 in | The Paul Dyck Plains Indian Buffalo Culture Collection, acquired through the generosity of the Dyck family and additional gifts of the Nielson Family and the Estate of Margaret S. Coe | Bonnet made from hide, fur and horns of bison. Beaded brow band with bison track design. Dream catcher at left temple, hawk feathers at temples. | na.203.1549.jpg | Buffalo Horn Bonnet | tanned hide | buffalo fur | hawk feather | buffalo horns | rawhide | glass beads | buffalo hide | Northern Plains

NA.702.30
Hidatsa | Northern Plains | ...
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NA.702.30 | ca. 1875 | L: 88 in, width: 73 in | Gift of Mr. William L. Cone | Communication and Media of Exchange: Writing and Records. Buffalo hide with hair on one side, painted and decorated on tanned side; hide was split and sewn back together along spine, applique over stitching is a band of purple, yellow and white porcupine quills with 5 quilled medallions in the same colors; painted scene on lower half of robe shows 3 Indians with rifles and wearing capotes on horses hunting 3 buffalo and 1 Indian skinning a buffalo with his gun, quiver and quirt on the ground beside him and 2 horses (1 saddled) in back of him, painting is done in brown, yellow, blue and red. | NA.702.30.jpg | NA.702.30.JPG | quirt | buffalo | rifles | Indians | capotes | hunting | saddle | horses | quiver | buffalo robe | porcupine quills | buffalo | buffalo hide | hair | pigment | tanned | Hidatsa | Northern Plains

NA.202.295
Hidatsa | Northern Plains | ...
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NA.202.295 | ca. 1850 | L: 71 in, width: 46 in | Dress and Adornment: Daily And/Or Festive Adornment. Tanned, buffalo hide, fur on one side, painted geometric design on tanned side in red and brown colors. Box and border instyle. | NA.202.295.JPG | NA.202.295.jpg | geometric | buffalo robe | pigment | tanned | fur | buffalo hide | Hidatsa | Northern Plains

NA.203.377
Sioux | Northern Plains | bu...
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NA.203.377 | 1870 | L: 78.5 in, width: 69.625 in | Chandler-Pohrt Collection, Gift of Mr. William D. Weiss | Dress and Adornment - Personal Adornment and Ritual Regalia. Buffalo robe - hair left on skin, side painted. Four rows of mounted Indians killing enemies on foot. Colors are brown, blue, red and some yellow around some of the figures. | NA.203.377.JPG | NA.203.377.JPG | NA.203.377.jpg | enemies | mounted | Indians | buffalo robe | pigment | tanned hide | buffalo | Sioux | Northern Plains

NA.502.336
ceremonial war club | bison ...
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NA.502.336 | ca. 1900 | L: 20.5 in, width: 6.75 in, Diameter: 5.5 in | The Paul Dyck Plains Indian Buffalo Culture Collection, acquired through the generosity of the Dyck family and additional gifts of the Nielson Family and the Estate of Margaret S. Coe | Two horns bounded with tanned hide and covered with red cloth and another decorative layer of pinked edge green cloth, center seam covered with buffalo hair strip. Attached to wood handle piece at neck with bison fur bounded and sewn. Body of handle is first covered in dark cotton cloth, and then wrapped in horizontal stripes of glass seed beads: white, gold translucent, largest of multi, bison hair and repeat. Two tassels of dark cloth at bottom, one wrapped in pink seed, beads and one (1) in white tied at end with hide fringe attachment and cut, red dyed feather. Top of horn head has one (1) attached tassel wrapped in white seed beads, with two (2) cut, red dyed feathers attached with hide strips. | NA.502.336.jpg | ceremonial war club | bison hair | dyed feathers | cotton thread | Cotton cloth | horn | glass beads | wood | tanned hide

NA.502.18
Southern Plains | dance shie...
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NA.502.18 | Diameter: 20 in | Adolf Spohr Collection, Gift of Larry Sheerin | Ritual and Recreation: Ritual, Curing and Cults Objects. Tanned buffalo hump with black spot painted in center, two hawk feathers attached. Hide handle. | NA.502.18.JPG | NA.502.18.JPG | spot | dance shield | hawk | buffalo | feathers | rawhide | pigment | Southern Plains

NA.505.9
Sioux | Northern Plains | ha...
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NA.505.9 | ca. 1890 | L: 15.75 in, width: 13.75 in, H: 3.25 in | Gift of Irving H. "Larry" Larom Estate | Ritual and Recreation: Musical Instruments. Rawhide with wooden stick frame. Painted in red and yellow ochre sections with buffalo in center with blue outline on yellow background. | na.505.9.jpg | NA.505.9.JPG | buffalo | hand drum | Red | painted | rawhide | yellow ochre | cover | frame | wood | blue | Sioux | Northern Plains

NA.203.168
Crow | Northern Plains | eag...
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NA.203.168 | ca. 1870 | H: 11 in, L: 26 in | The I.H. Larry Larom Collection of Plains Indian Ethnology | Personal Adornment and Ritual Regalia. Hat - buffalo hair and hide skull cap with brass bell along edge. Golden Eagle wing feathers on sides, golden eagle head, body and tail feathers on top, brass buttons for eyes. | NA.203.168.JPG | NA.203.168.JPG | NA.203.168.jpg | eagle | hat | body | buttons | feathers | buffalo | head | brass | bell | golden eagle | hide | hair | Crow | Northern Plains

NA.203.358
Wyoming | Northern Arapaho |...
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NA.203.358 | ca. 1880 | L: 17 in, width: 11 in | Chandler-Pohrt Collection, Gift of Mr. William D. Weiss | Dress and Adornment - Personal Adornment and Ritual Regalia. Women's buffalo society headdress - cap made of buffalo skin sewn together down the middle with a buffalo horn on each side at the front. Leather brow band at the front decorated with porcupine quills in yellow, orange, red and purple. Quilled wheel on one side of cap with down feathers hanging from it. | NA.203.358.JPG | NA.203.358.JPG | NA.203.358.JPG | NA.203.358.jpg | quilled | wheel | Buffalo Society | women | headdress | buffalo | horn | feathers | sinew | hide | porcupine quills | Wyoming | Northern Arapaho | Northern Plains

NA.203.359
Mandan | Fort Berthold India...
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NA.203.359 | ca. 1860 | L: 19.25 in, width: 11 in, depth: 11.25 in | Chandler-Pohrt Collection, Gift of Mr. William D. Weiss | Dress and Adornment - Personal Adornment and Ritual Regalia. Buffalo head mask - hide from buffalo head including horns with rawhide circular cut-outs for eyes and a rectangular one for the nose/mouth. Leather ties in back. Wooden slats for frame on inside. | NA.203.359.JPG | NA.203.359.jpg | mask | buffalo hide | wood | leather | buffalo horns | rawhide | Mandan | Fort Berthold Indian Reservation, North Dakota

NA.202.914
Montana | Blackfeet | Moccas...
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NA.202.914 | ca. 1900 | H: 8 in, L: 9.5 in, width: 3.75 in | Simplot Collection, Gift of J.R. Simplot | Dress and Adornment: Daily and/or Festive Adornment. Buffalo hide uppers, soles and tongues. Lightweight buckskin ankle extensions sewn to uppers with a welted seam, buckskin thong ties pass through corners of uppers on either side of tongue and wrap around andle multiple times, sinew sewn. Vamps have 10 quillwork rows in red, yellow and natural with colors arranged to form a rough yellow V surrounded by red with the natural in the center. Lower edge of foot has a lazystitch beaded band of alternating red/white hearts and white traingles separated by a line of royal blue beads, all small seed beads. | NA.202.914.JPG | Moccasins | buffalo hide | glass beads | sinew | porcupine quills | Montana | Blackfeet

NA.203.432
Northern Plains | pouch | fu...
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NA.203.432 | 1880 | L: 6.5 in, width: 10.625 in | Dress and Adornment - Personal Adornment and Ritual Regalia. Pouch - buffalo hide, some fur left on outside. Remnants of porcupine quills on seams. Tin cone on one corner. | NA.203.432.JPG | na.203.432.jpg | pouch | fur | quills | hide | porcupine | tin | buffalo | cone | Northern Plains

NA.301.2
Northern Plains | tipi knock...
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NA.301.2 | L: 9.75 in, width: 5 in | Structures and Furnishings: Unclassified. Four buffalo dew claws strung on leather thongs to go at Tipi door to announce arrivals. | NA.301.2.JPG | tipi knockers | hide | buffalo | dew claws | Northern Plains