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Frontier firearms

A Buffalo Bill Center of the West Virtual Exhibit
Curated by: Jarrett Spears


2000.14.1
Samuel T. Hawken, St. Louis,...
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2000.14.1 | ca. 1861 | overall length: 48.625 in, Barrel length: 31.25 in, H: 9 in, weight: 212 oz | Gift of F. W. Roebling, III | metal tag (in file): F.W. ROEBLING III / COLLECTIONS / TRANTON, N.J. / 43 | Nathan Bender estimated the date of the rifle as 1860-1884, closer to the early date in a letter dated 06/15/2006. | .56 (7 grooves) | not serialized | 2000.14.1.jpg | 2000.14.1.2.1.2.jpg | 2000.14.1.jpg | firearm | metal | wood | Johnston, John "Liver-Eating" | Samuel T. Hawken, St. Louis, MO | S. Hawken, St. Louis, MO

1988.8.1265
A. Armstrong, Philadelphia, ...
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1988.8.1265 | 1830-1840 | L: 59.75 x 61.125 in, Barrel length: 44 in, H: 8.5 in | Gift of Olin Corporation, Winchester Arms Collection | on lock: ARMSTRONG/PHILADELPHIA [on top of barrel:] BMcG | A: rifle B: ramrod; percussion | American Long Rifle | ML .45 caliber | 1988.8.1265v1.jpg | 1988.8.1265v2.jpg | Pennsylvania | firearm | steel | wood | brass | silver | rifle | A. Armstrong, Philadelphia, PA, U.S.A.

1998.5.49
Browning Arms Company, Morga...
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1998.5.49 | 1978 | L: 47.25 in, Barrel length: 30.75 in, H: 9.125 in | Gift of Francis Samp | top of barrel: Jonathan Browning Mountain Rifle [right side of barrel:] .50 CALIBER BLACK POWDER ONLY PATENTS PENDING/ 1878A-0552 [left side of barrel:] BROWNING ARMS CO. MORGAN, UTAH & MONTREAL, P.Q. MADE IN U.S.A. [right side of frame:] (Pewter bust of Jonathan Browning) [right side of shoulder stock:] (oval pewter medallion) BROWNING/ 1878-1978/ CENTENNIAL | Wooden ramrod with brass endcaps, crescent iron butt plate and select walnut stock. | Jonathan Browning Balck Powder Mountain Rifle | .50 cal. | 1878A-0522 | 1998.5.49v1.jpg | 1998.5.49v2.jpg | firearm | iron | wood | rifle | Browning Arms Company, Morgan, UT and Montreal, P.Q.

1997.4.1
C. Hawken | Hagerstown, MD |...
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1997.4.1 | ca. 1800 | Gift of William B. Ruger, Sr. and Sturm, Ruger and Company | Flintlock rifle with ramrod | Kentucky rifle | .46 caliber smooth bore | not serially numbered | 1997.4.1v1.jpg | 1997.4.1.jpg | 1997.4.1close.jpg | 1997.4.1v2.jpg | firearm | rifle | C. Hawken | Hagerstown, MD | Christian Hawken

1988.8.947
H.W. Deeds | firearm | rifle...
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1988.8.947 | ca. 1820 | L: 58 in, Barrel length: 41.5 in, H: 8.25 in | Gift of Olin Corporation, Winchester Arms Collection | This piece is believed to have originated in North Carolina. However, H.W. Deeds is listed as working in Reading, Pennsylvania, c. 1775. The North Carolina attribution springs from the lack of a patchbox on this piece, which is characteristic of Kentucky pattern rifles made in Virginia and further south. | BARREL: JNH AND H.W. DEEDS AND F. SEIFRIT. LOCKPLATE: WARRANTED. | (a) rifle (b) ramrod | .44 | Not Serially Numbered | 1988.8.947v1.jpg | 1988.8.947v3.jpg | 1988.8.947v2.jpg | moon | bird | firearm | rifle | wood | metal | silver | brass | rifle | H.W. Deeds

1997.4.2
Jacob and Samuel Hawken, St....
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1997.4.2 | 1822-1849 | L: 49.875 in, Barrel length: 33.25 in, H: 7.5 in, weight: 144 oz | Gift of William B. Ruger, Sr. and Sturm, Ruger and Company | top of barrel: J. & S. Hawken. [lock plate:] Kingsland & Co/ Warranted [patch box cover:] (deer) [plate, left side:] U.S. eagle | Lock may have been imported from England. | J & S Hawken half stock percussion rifle | land to grove 56, 7 grooves | not serially numbered | 1997.4.2v1.jpg | 1997.4.2v2.jpg | 1997.4.2v3.jpg | 1997.4.2v5.jpg | 1997.4.2v6.jpg | 1997.4.2v4.jpg | 1997.4.2v7.jpg | 1997.4.2.JPG | firearm | wood | steel | rifle | Jacob and Samuel Hawken, St. Louis, MO

1988.8.1044
J.P. Beck, Pennsylvania | Am...
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1988.8.1044 | ca. 1800 | L: 64 in, Barrel length: 47.875 in, H: 8.875 in, ramrod diameter: .375 in, ramrod length: 47.625 in | Gift of Olin Corporation, Winchester Arms Collection | John Philip Beck worked in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, from about 1785 to 1811. He was one of the most renowned makers of Kentucky rifles during the so-called "Golden Age". | BARREL: J.P. BECK LOCKPLATE: R. HYSLOP NEW YORK | The relief carved stock and rococo style embellishment on the patchbox are typical of this period of Kentucky rifle making (1770-1820). The lock on this piece is a replacement, converting the piece back to its original flintlock ignition. A. musket; B. ramrod. | American Long Rifle | .55 | 1988.8.1044v2.jpg | 1988.8.1044v1.jpg | firearm | plain | metal | brass | trigger | maple | rifle | J.P. Beck, Pennsylvania | American | R. Hyslop, New York, NY

1997.6.2
J. Hefner, Marion, OH | fire...
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1997.6.2 | L: 57.25 in, Barrel length: 40.688 in, H: 9.75 in | From the Collection of Kenneth R. Lennington | top of barrel: P. KANE | Ohio-style long rifle | .36 (6 groove) | 1997.6.2v1.jpg | 1997.6.2v2.jpg | firearm | iron | wood | brass | rifle | J. Hefner, Marion, OH

1987.2.10
unknown, Tennessee or North ...
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1987.2.10 | 1835-1860 | L: 58.75 in, Barrel length: 42.75 in, H: 9.5 in | Gift of the Robert W. Woodruff Estate | A: shotgun B: ramrod Approx. .45 caliber. Ramrod length 6.25" | 1987.2.10.JPG | firearm | single shot | rifle | muzzle-loading | percussion lock | steel | wood | unknown, Tennessee or North Carolina (Appalachian Mountains)

1988.8.876
Nicholas Beyer | firearm | r...
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1988.8.876 | 1810-1830 | L: 58.875 in, Barrel length: 42.875 in, H: 10.125 in, ramrod length: 43 in | Gift of Olin Corporation, Winchester Arms Collection | Nicholas Beyer worked in Lebanon, Pennsylvania, c. 1798-1810. He is believed to have been apprenticed to John Philip Beck. The relief carved stock and rococo embellishment on the patchbox are typical of the so-called "golden age" of the Kentucky rifle (1770-1820). | Lockplate: WARRANTED; escutcheon: S. LUTE [T of barrel, in script:] N Beyer | The brass patchbox cover has a representation of a water fowl piercing its breast, which is believed to be an allegorical symbol of Christ, or the soul. The opposite side of the stock features an inlaid, eight-pointed, silver star representing the Bethlehem, or birth star. Such religious and superstitious motifs were common on Kentucky rifles during this era. a-flintlock; b-ramrod | .45 | 1988.8.876v2.jpg | 1988.8.876v3.jpg | 1988.8.876.JPG | 1988.8.876v1.jpg | firearm | rifle | silver | wood | steel | brass | rifle | Nicholas Beyer

2000.12.1
firearm | brass | wood | iro...
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2000.12.1 | c. 1818-1827 | Gift of Clyde R. Seitz | percussion half stock rifle; made Cyrus Jackson, Rochester, New York | 2000.12.1v2.jpg | 2000.12.1v1.jpg | firearm | brass | wood | iron | rifle

1997.6.1
P. Kane, Ohio | firearm | wo...
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1997.6.1 | L: 57.325 in, Barrel length: 41.875 in, H: 8.75 in | From the Collection of Kenneth R. Lennington | top of barrel: P. KANE | Ohio-style long rifle | .35 (7 grooves) | 1997.6.1v1.jpg | 1997.6.1v2.jpg | firearm | wood | metal | rifle | P. Kane, Ohio

2012.6.1
Samuel Davis, Franklin Count...
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2012.6.1 | ca. 1840 | overall length: 51.5 in, Barrel length: 35 in, H: 9 in | Gift in honor of Jack Tom Jackson. Given by his family. | top of barrel: S. DAVIS. patchbox: EF | Kentucky Long rifle | .32 cal | 2012.6.1.v2.jpg | 2012.6.1.v3.jpg | 2012.6.1.v4.jpg | 2012.6.1.v1.jpg | 2012.6.1.v5.jpg | firearm | maple | wood | german silver | iron | rifle | Samuel Davis, Franklin County, Ohio

1997.4.6
Samuel Hawken, St. Louis, MO...
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1997.4.6 | 1815-1822 | L: 55 in, Barrel length: 37.875 in, H: 7.5 in, weight: 150 oz | Gift of William B. Ruger, Sr. and Sturm, Ruger and Company | top of barrel: S. Hawken St. Louis [bottomof barrel:] W. Panner | rifle with ramrod | S Hawken full stock rifle | .54 (7 grooves) | not serially numbered | 1997.4.6v1.jpg | 1997.4.6v3.jpg | 1997.4.6v5.jpg | 1997.4.6v6.jpg | 1997.4.6v2.jpg | 1997.4.6v4.jpg | 1997.4.6v7.jpg | 1997.4.6.JPG | firearm | steel | wood | rifle | Samuel Hawken, St. Louis, MO

1997.4.15
Samuel Hawken, St. Louis, MO...
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1997.4.15 | 1849-1859 | L: 49.5 in, Barrel length: 33.25 in, H: 7 in, weight: 178 oz | Gift of William B. Ruger, Sr. and Sturm, Ruger and Company | Rifle with ramrod. | side of barrel: Rem (not visible) ington [top of barrel:] S. Hawken St. Louis | with pistol grip | S. Hawken half stock percussion rifle | 59 land to grove, 7 groove | not serially numbered | 1997.4.15v2.jpg | 1997.4.15v5.jpg | 1997.4.15v7.jpg | 1997.4.15v1.jpg | 1997.4.15v3.jpg | 1997.4.15v4.jpg | 1997.4.15v6.jpg | 1997.4.15.JPG | firearm | steel | wood | rifle | Samuel Hawken, St. Louis, MO

1997.4.7
Samuel Hawken, St. Louis, MO...
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1997.4.7 | 1860 | overall length: 53 in, Barrel length: 35.5 in | Gift of William B. Ruger, Sr. and Sturm, Ruger and Company | With three keys: A-rifle, B,C,keys | Rifle with ramrod and two keys AMD and RNW 09/02/2010 | S. Hawken Half Stock percussion rifle | .60-.61 (7 grooves) | not serially numbered | Book: Days of Destiny, Crossroads in American History, America's Greatest Historians Examine Thirty-one Uncelebrated days That Changed the Course of History, Editors: James M. McPherson and Alan Brinkley, Mid-February, 1824, The Way West by William H. Goetzmann, Dorling Kindersley Publishing, Inc., New York 2001, page 108. | 1997.4.7v4.jpg | 1997.4.7v5.jpg | 1997.4.7v6.jpg | 1997.4.7v7.jpg | 1997.4.7v1.jpg | 1997.4.7v2.jpg | 1997.4.7v3.jpg | 1997.4.7.JPG | firearm | rifle | Samuel Hawken, St. Louis, MO

1997.4.9
Samuel Hawken, St. Louis, MO...
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1997.4.9 | 1849-1859 | L: 46.625 in, Barrel length: 30.125 in, H: 6.5 in, weight: 120 oz | Gift of William B. Ruger, Sr. and Sturm, Ruger and Company | top of barrel: S. Hawken St. Louis | No ramrod, no marking | S Hawken half stock percussion rifle | .43 (6 grooves) | not serially numbered | 1997.4.9v7.jpg | 1997.4.9v1.jpg | 1997.4.9v2.jpg | 1997.4.9v3.jpg | 1997.4.9v4.jpg | 1997.4.9v5.jpg | 1997.4.9v6.jpg | 1997.4.9.JPG | firearm | steel | wood | brass | pewter | rifle | Samuel Hawken, St. Louis, MO

1988.8.1040
Unknown, Pennsylvania | Amer...
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1988.8.1040 | ca. 1825 | L: 53.5 in, Barrel length: 38.75 in, H: 9.5 in, ramrod diameter: .25 in, ramrod length: 32 in | Gift of Olin Corporation, Winchester Arms Collection | LOCKPLATE: S. HOML (INDECIPHERABLE) SIDEPLATE: ADPL LN AA (INDECIPHERABLE) | This Kentucky rifle is typical of the highly embellished type made for target and sport shooting. The large brass eagle on the left side of the stock would typify it as a product of the Federal Period in American history. A. rifle; B. ramrod. | American Long Rifle | not listed | 1988.8.1040v2.jpg | 1988.8.1040.jpg | 1988.8.1040v1.jpg | 1988.8.1040v2.jpg | 1988.8.1040v3.jpg | Federal | eagle | firearm | trigger | plain | brass | maple | embellished | tiger stripe | metal | rifle | Unknown, Pennsylvania | American

1993.8.15
Unknown | firearm | steel | ...
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1993.8.15 | 1850-1870 | L: 43.5 in, Barrel length: 27.875 in, H: 9.5 in | Gift of Thomas K. Hutchinson | unknown maker-probably Germanic principality; according to the donor's appraisal the rifle is signed by J. Stiegele. | Zimmerstalzen | .177 | 1 | 1993.8.15v1.jpg | 1993.8.15v2.jpg | 1993.8.15.JPG | firearm | steel | wood | rifle | Unknown

1997.4.11
W.S. Hawken, Denver, C.T. | ...
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1997.4.11 | 1860-1864 | L: 49.75 in, Barrel length: 33.5 in, H: 8 in, weight: 152 oz | Gift of William B. Ruger, Sr. and Sturm, Ruger and Company | top of barrel: WS. Hawken/Denver.C.T. (c is stamped backward) | Right side stock channel repaired on inside of stock | William Stewart Hawken half stock percussion rifle | 58 cal, (7 lands) | not serially numbered | 1997.4.11v3.jpg | 1997.4.11v5.jpg | 1997.4.11v6.jpg | 1997.4.11v7.jpg | 1997.4.11v1.jpg | 1997.4.11v2.jpg | 1997.4.11v4.jpg | 1997.4.11.JPG | firearm | steel | wood | rifle | W.S. Hawken, Denver, C.T.

1987.2.12
William Ross, Kent, England ...
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1987.2.12 | 1840-1845 | L: 51.75 in, Barrel length: 35.5 in, H: 9.5 in | Gift of the Robert W. Woodruff Estate | top of barrel: LONDON [left side of barrel:] (British proof marks) [on lock:] (foreward facing arrow) ROSS (rear facing arrow) | A: shotgun B: ramrod | 1987.2.12.JPG | 1987.2.12.jpg | percussion lock | single shot | muzzle-loading | firearm | shotgun | steel | silver | wood | William Ross, Kent, England