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Objects from the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara tribes

After reading about the Three Affiliated Tribes (Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara) of North Dakota in our "Points West" blog, we thought you would enjoy these selections of artifacts of those tribes in our Plains Indian Museum collection.

A Buffalo Bill Center of the West Virtual Exhibit
Curated by: NancyM


NA.203.167
Hidatsa | blanket strip | ta...
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NA.203.167 | ca. 1880 | L: 54.625 in, width: 5 in | Gift of Mr. and Mrs. William Henry Harrison | Dress and Adornment - Personal Adornment and Ritual Regalia. Blanket strip - tanned, rectangular and rosette shape. Fully wrapped quillwork front in yellow and red geometric design. | NA.203.167.JPG | na.203.167.jpg | geometric | blanket strip | tanned | hide | quills | porcupine | deer | Hidatsa

NA.202.1376
Mandan | Upper Missouri Regi...
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NA.202.1376 | ca. 1900 | L: 10.25 in, H: 3.75 in, width: 3.75 in | The Paul Dyck Plains Indian Buffalo Culture Collection, acquired through the generosity of the Dyck family and additional gifts of the Nielson Family and the Estate of Margaret S. Coe | Light colored, soft, tanned hide, hard soled moccasins with straight ankle cuff. One piece top with seam on heel. Added U shaped cuff with hide tie laced through a slit in tongue and hole on either side of ankle cuff. Cuff and tongue are beaded on edge in "rick rack" style in dark blue and yellow. 3 ½" dia. sunburst design on vamp in purple, red and off white quillwork. Red quillwork strip along lower edge of moccasin. | na.202.1376.jpg | Moccasins | rawhide | porcupine quills | tanned hide | glass beads | cotton thread | bird quills | dye | Mandan | Upper Missouri Region | Hidatsa

NA.702.30
Hidatsa | Northern Plains | ...
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NA.702.30 | ca. 1875 | L: 88 in, width: 73 in | Gift of Mr. William L. Cone | Communication and Media of Exchange: Writing and Records. Buffalo hide with hair on one side, painted and decorated on tanned side; hide was split and sewn back together along spine, applique over stitching is a band of purple, yellow and white porcupine quills with 5 quilled medallions in the same colors; painted scene on lower half of robe shows 3 Indians with rifles and wearing capotes on horses hunting 3 buffalo and 1 Indian skinning a buffalo with his gun, quiver and quirt on the ground beside him and 2 horses (1 saddled) in back of him, painting is done in brown, yellow, blue and red. | NA.702.30.jpg | NA.702.30.JPG | quirt | buffalo | rifles | Indians | capotes | hunting | saddle | horses | quiver | buffalo robe | porcupine quills | buffalo | buffalo hide | hair | pigment | tanned | Hidatsa | Northern Plains

NA.202.599
North Dakota | Hidatsa | shi...
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NA.202.599 | 1900 | L: 30.125 in, shoulder to shoulder: 18.875 in | Irving H. "Larry" Larom Collection | Dress and Adornment: Daily And/Or Festive Adornment. Man's -- Deerskin with fringe around shoulders and on sleeves. Five white buttons down front, bottom and cuffs pinked, no collar. Porcupine quill strips on leather sewn over each shoulder and on sleeves. Triangle designs in green, red, white and purple, on yellow ground. | NA.202.599.JPG | na.202.599v1.jpg | na.202.599v2.jpg | strips | triangular | shirt | Red | quills | fringe | purple | green | yellow | porcupine | deerskin | five | buttons | White | North Dakota | Hidatsa

NA.505.26
Arikara | Northern Plains | ...
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NA.505.26 | ca. 1890 | L: 17 in, Diameter: 3.75 in | Chandler Pohrt Collection, Gift of Mr. William D. Weiss | Ritual and Recreation: Musical Instruments. Wooden stick wrapped with leather; brass bell and dew claws at one end; opposite end has yellow leather twisted fringe with bullet casings strung on them. | NA.505.26.JPG | rattle | bell | bullet casings | wrapped | wood | leather | stick | brass | dew claws | Arikara | Northern Plains

NA.202.839
Northern Plains | Mandan | b...
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NA.202.839 | ca. 1865 | L: 91.5 in, width at back legs: 76.5 in | Chandler-Pohrt Collection, Gift of Mr. William D. Weiss | Dress and Adornment: Daily And/Or Festive Adornment. Tanned buffalo hide with hair left on, seamed down center; tanned side painted with 6 concentric circles of radiating points in red and blue; red and blue diamond and point designs at each leg; numerous holes around edges. | na.202.839 v1.jpg | na.202.839 v2.jpg | NA.202.839 dtl.JPG | NA.202.839.JPG | NA.202.839.jpg | Diamond | concentric circles of radiating points | point designs | buffalo robe | pigment | buffalo | hide | tanned | with hair | Northern Plains | Mandan

NA.505.25
Northern Plains | Mandan | d...
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NA.505.25 | ca. 1880 | L: 19.75 in, width: 2.25 in | Ritual and Recreation: Musical Instruments. Wooden stick wrapped with leather and painted green and orange above handle. Leather fringe with remnants of some white fur and one mescal bead; sound comes from clicking of dew claws strung through leather thongs sewn to leather wrapped stick. | NA.505.25.JPG | dance rattle | leather | fur | mescal bean | pigment | dew claws | wood | Northern Plains | Mandan

NA.503.12
Fort Berthold Indian Reserva...
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NA.503.12 | 1870 | Diameter: 10.125 in, H: 2.25 in | Chandler-Pohrt Collection, Gift of Mr. William D. Weiss | Ritual and Recreation: Games and Gambling Accessories of Games. Shallow basket, undecorated. | NA.503.12.JPG | na.503.12.jpg | disc basket | basket | shallow | Fort Berthold Indian Reservation North Dakota | Arikara

NA.202.1337
Upper Missouri | Hidatsa | M...
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NA.202.1337 | ca. 1900 | wide at widest point: 11 in, width: 6.5 in, L: 30 in | The Paul Dyck Plains Indian Buffalo Culture Collection, acquired through the generosity of the Dyck family and additional gifts of the Nielson Family and the Estate of Margaret S. Coe | Pair of man's leggings (a) and (b).Tanned hide folded into tapered tube, cut straight across top with cloth finished hem at bottom cuff. Open from ½" from top and then down 11 ½" with three short leather ties. Fringe (3 ½" L) inserted on seam down for remainder of seam. 4 strips sewn on hide of dyed porcupine quills that wrap from front to back 3 rows of single quill, two thread orange, purple, cream and light green quills. Majority is orange design with purple center, inserted with alternating designs (per strip) of 3 cream elongated triangles w/ light green on either end, or 1 square cross. Appears there was another strip of quills near upper, but now removed. | na.202.1337v2.jpg | na.202.1337.jpg | leggings | dyed porcupine quills | Cotton cloth | cotton thread | tanned hide | Upper Missouri | Hidatsa | Mandan

NA.202.444
Hidatsa | Northern Plains | ...
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NA.202.444 | 1880 | L: 9 in, width: 3.875 in, H: 3.375 in | Chandler-Pohrt Collection | Dress and Adornment: Daily and/or Festive Adornment. Hard soled deerskin moccasins. Porcupine quill decoration on vamp in stepped triangular and cross designs in red, green, purple, pink, blue and white on yellow. Beaded strip completely around bottom, red and white box and tipi designs on green ground. | na.202.444v1.jpg | na.202.444v2.jpg | box design | cross designs | triangular | tipi designs | Moccasins | pink | Red | quills | porcupine | White | yellow | seed | Beads | deerskin | purple | hard soled | green | blue | Hidatsa | Northern Plains

NA.203.359
Mandan | Fort Berthold India...
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NA.203.359 | ca. 1860 | L: 19.25 in, width: 11 in, depth: 11.25 in | Chandler-Pohrt Collection, Gift of Mr. William D. Weiss | Dress and Adornment - Personal Adornment and Ritual Regalia. Buffalo head mask - hide from buffalo head including horns with rawhide circular cut-outs for eyes and a rectangular one for the nose/mouth. Leather ties in back. Wooden slats for frame on inside. | NA.203.359.JPG | NA.203.359.jpg | mask | buffalo hide | wood | leather | buffalo horns | rawhide | Mandan | Fort Berthold Indian Reservation, North Dakota

NA.504.270
Arikara | Fort Berthold Indi...
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NA.504.270 | ca. 1890 | L: 11.25 in, width: 2.25 in | Chandler-Pohrt Collection, Gift of Mr. William D. Weiss | Ritual and Recreation: Smoking and Narcotics. Deerskin, fringe at bottom, porcupine quill strips around bottom with triangle and box design in red, turquoise and yellow quills; diamond and triangle design above strips in red, purple and yellow quills; bead along top edge in light green, green and clear beads. ---Purchased 1982 Installment #2. Photographed 5-8-87. | NA.504.270.JPG | na.504.270v1.jpg | na.504.270v2.jpg | triangle | Diamond | box | miniature tobacco bag | hide | Red | quills | porcupine | turquoise | deer | Clear | green | Beads | seed | yellow | purple | light green | fringe | Arikara | Fort Berthold Indian Reservation North Dakota

NA.202.461
Hidatsa/Mandan | Northern Pl...
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NA.202.461 | 1900 | L: 11.125 in, width: 4.125 in, H: 3.375 in | Chandler-Pohrt Collection, Gift of friends of James Nielson and Anne Young in honor of their marriage. | C-247 and 712 written on soles. | Dress and Adornment: Daily And/Or Festive Adornment. Deerskin, hard sole. Decorated with porcupine quills woven in strip down the top of the foot to the toe with two triangles at each end of the top to give general 'T' shape. Coors are pink, red, yellow and purple. | NA.202.461.A&B.JPG | NA.202.461.JPG | NA.202.461 dtl.JPG | NA.202.461 dtl2.JPG | triangles | general "T" shape | Moccasins | quills | deerskin | purple | porcupine | pink | Red | Woven | yellow | Hidatsa/Mandan | Northern Plains