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Objects from the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara tribes

After reading about the Three Affiliated Tribes (Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara) of North Dakota in our "Points West" blog, we thought you would enjoy these selections of artifacts of those tribes in our Plains Indian Museum collection.

A Buffalo Bill Center of the West Virtual Exhibit
Curated by: NancyM


NA.502.66
Arikara | shield | pigment |...
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NA.502.66 | ca. 1875 | Diameter: 19.125 in | Adolf Spohr Collection, Gift of Larry Sheerin | Ritual and Recreation, Ritual, Curing and Cult objects. Painted rawhide shield with painted circle in center, to each side is a red painted golden eagle feather with a bear claw. One has a small medicine tied to it. The center has a down feather hanging from it. The back has a fringed leather carrying strap. | NA.502.66.JPG | NA.502.66.JPG | NA.502.66.jpg | na.502.66.jpg | golden eagle | bear claw | feather | circle | shield | pigment | feather | bald eagle | rawhide | Arikara

NA.202.199
Arikara | Northern Plains | ...
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NA.202.199 | ca. 1885 | bodice length: 27.5 in, sleeve length: 24 in, shoulder to shoulder: 15.75 in | Gift of Hope Williams Read in memory of Barry Williams | Dress and Adornment: Daily And/Or Festive Adornment. Man's -- Tanned, deer hide, wrapped quillwork shoulder, sleeve, neck and back tabs with red wool wrapped ermine strips attached. Buckskin fringe on all tabs. Partially split at each side. | na.202.199v1.jpg | na.202.199v2.jpg | NA.202.199.JPG | NA.202.199.jpg | shirt | porcupine | cloth | hide | Red | trade | wool | fringe | ermine | tanned | deer | wrapped | quills | Arikara | Northern Plains

NA.502.287
Arikara | Upper Missouri Reg...
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NA.502.287 | ca. 1880 | diameter of drum: 6.5 in, L: 14 in, diameter of handle: .875 in | The Paul Dyck Plains Indian Buffalo Culture Collection, acquired through the generosity of the Dyck family and additional gifts of the Nielson Family and the Estate of Margaret S. Coe | Gourd rattle with wood handle wrapped in hide strips. Small hide loop or tab at end of handle. Gourd has reddish tint possibly from pigment. 1 ¾" wood dowel coming out of top of gourd. Seeds or stones inside. | na.502.287.jpg | rattle | wood | gourd | pigment | tanned hide | sinew | Arikara | Upper Missouri Region

NA.106.722
Fort Berthold Indian Reserva...
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NA.106.722 | 1880 | Diameter: 11.25 x 6.5 in | Chandler-Pohrt Collection | On Original tag: Catalogue:No. 2408 Specimen: Basket Tribe: Arikara Location: Ft Berthold Indian Res. North Dakota Period: c 1880 On back: From the Collection of RW leche with a yellow sticky note that says: 2500 Benson 1/10/91 | Utensils and Implements; Household. Woven split wood in blonde and black strips around small stick infrastructure. One side has curved stick hanging below bottom of basket that forms support on top and sides. Round on top and square on bottom. Larger on top. | na.106.722.jpg | basket | wood | bark | frame | Fort Berthold Indian Reservation, North Dakota | Arikara

NA.502.288
Upper Missouri Region | Mand...
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NA.502.288 | ca. 1880 | L: 24 in, width: 4 in | The Paul Dyck Plains Indian Buffalo Culture Collection, acquired through the generosity of the Dyck family and additional gifts of the Nielson Family and the Estate of Margaret S. Coe | Rattle made from carved deer dew claws and/or hooves mounted on wood stick with hide ties. Some hooves, dew claws carved with triangular notches on edges. Stick covered with tanned hide, colored with red ochre. Bottom of rattle handle has fringed hide tab. | na.502.288.jpg | NA.502.288.jpg | rattle | tanned hide | deer dew claws | wood | deer hooves | pigment | Upper Missouri Region | Mandan

NA.202.137
Fort Berthold Indian Reserva...
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NA.202.137 | ca. 1880 | L: 10.25 in, width: 3.5 in | Gift of Harriet D. Reed and Betty N. Landercasper, In Memory of W. Guruea Dyer. | Dress and Adornment: Daily And/Or Festive Adornment. Tanned, buffalo hide, wrapped quillwork vamp and double border lane around sides and heel. Wrapped quillwork tie thong. Lazy stitch double bead border lane along bottom edge and one strip up center back. Rawhide soles. | NA.202.137.JPG | Moccasins | porcupine quills | wrapped | buffalo hide | seed | sinew | tanned | glass beads | Fort Berthold Indian Reservation, North Dakota | Mandan

NA.203.1157
Mandan | North Dakota | brac...
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NA.203.1157 | 1865 | depth: 2.5 in | Dress and Adornment - Personal Adornment and Ritual Regalia. Bracelet. Square brass wire with lines of decoration on top. | na.203.1157.jpg | bracelet | brass | Mandan | North Dakota

NA.203.396
Fort Berthold Indian Reserva...
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NA.203.396 | 1890 | L: 63.5 in | Chandler Pohrt Collection, Gift of the Pilot Foundation | Dress and Adornment - Personal Adornment and Ritual Regalia. Blanket strip - leather with porcupine quill decoration in yellow, orange, pink, red, turquoise and purple. Five rosettes integrated as part of strip and they each have three leather strands hanging from their center and are wrapped with red porcupine quills and strung with blue basket beads. | NA.203.396 dtl1.JPG | NA.203.396 dtl2.JPG | NA.203.396.JPG | NA.203.396.jpg | blanket strip | quills | porcupine | glass beads | leather | Fort Berthold Indian Reservation, North Dakota | Hidatsa

NA.108.13
Arikara | shield cover | pai...
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NA.108.13 | ca. 1875 | Diameter: 20 in | Adolf Spohr Collection, Gift of Larry Sheerin | Utensils and implements - Fighting (could also be used for ritual ceremonies). Shield cover - beige muslin painted in circle design (red and black) with two animal figures in center. Feather puff tassles on front. | na.108.13.JPG | NA.108.13.JPG | na.108.13.jpg | NA.108.13.jpg | animals | circle | shield cover | paint | muslin | feathers | Arikara

NA.106.266
Fort Berthold Indian Reserva...
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NA.106.266 | 1885 | L: 11.875 in, width: 10.375 in | Chandler-Pohrt Collection, Gift of Mr. William D. Weiss | Utensils and implements - Household. Storage bag - rawhide envelope, flap cut into three points, red cloth on each edge. Faded painting on front in green, blue, yellow and red, with black outlines. Back has blue border and stripes with black outlines. | na.106.266v1.jpg | na.106.266v2.jpg | NA.106.266.JPG | stripes | storage bag | pigment | rawhide | cloth | Fort Berthold Indian Reservation, North Dakota | Arikara

NA.502.286
Upper Missouri Region | Arik...
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NA.502.286 | ca. 1880 | L: 16 in, handle length: 8 in, diameter of drum: 9 in, diameter of handle: .75 in | The Paul Dyck Plains Indian Buffalo Culture Collection, acquired through the generosity of the Dyck family and additional gifts of the Nielson Family and the Estate of Margaret S. Coe | Large gourd rattle with wood handle wrapped in hide strips. Small hide loop at end of handle.Gourd has reddish tint possibly from pigment. 1 ½" wood dowel coming out of top of gourd. Seeds or stones inside. | na.502.286.jpg | rattle | tanned hide | pigment | gourd | wood | Upper Missouri Region | Arikara

NA.108.14
Arikara | shield cover | pig...
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NA.108.14 | ca. 1875 | Diameter: 19 in | Adolf Spohr Collection, Gift of Larry Sheerin | Utensils and implements - Fighting (could also be used for ritual ceremonies). Shield cover - tanned dyed with yellow ochre with black painted animal figure on front. Red feather attached to front. Two square shaped brown fur pieces on front. | NA.108.14.JPG | NA.108.14.jpg | bear | Animal | shield cover | pigment | feathers | fur | tanned deer hide | Arikara

NA.202.295
Hidatsa | Northern Plains | ...
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NA.202.295 | ca. 1850 | L: 71 in, width: 46 in | Dress and Adornment: Daily And/Or Festive Adornment. Tanned, buffalo hide, fur on one side, painted geometric design on tanned side in red and brown colors. Box and border instyle. | NA.202.295.JPG | NA.202.295.jpg | geometric | buffalo robe | pigment | tanned | fur | buffalo hide | Hidatsa | Northern Plains

NA.202.837
North Dakota | Fort Berthold...
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NA.202.837 | ca. 1890 | L: 9.625 in, width: 4 in, H: 3.875 in | Dress and Adornment: Daily And/Or Festive Adornment. White Native tanned uppers with separate rectangular tongue, quilled calumet design on toe in pink, yellow, purple, red, faded blue-green and faded blue; sinew sewn seams; brown commercial leather sole. | NA.202.837.JPG | na.202.837.jpg | calumet design | Moccasins | tanned | porcupine quills | sinew | cowhide | White | leather | North Dakota | Fort Berthold Indian Reservation | Hidatsa

NA.108.17
Hidatsa | Northern Plains | ...
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NA.108.17 | ca. 1865 | Diameter: 18.75 in | Adolf Spohr Collection, Gift of Larry Sheerin | Utensils and implements - Fighting (could also be used for ritual ceremonies). Shield cover - tanned with lower half painted black with green animal figure painted in center front. Eight eagle feathers attached to bottom edge with stems wrapped with sinew. | Book: Giving Voice to Bear: North American Indian Myths, Rituals, and Images of the Bear by David Rockwell; Roberts Rinehart Publishers, Lanham, MD; 2003; cover illustration | na.108.17.jpg | NA.108.17.jpg | NA.108.17.JPG | Animal | bear | shield cover | eagle feathers | sinew | deer hide | pigment | tanned | Hidatsa | Northern Plains

NA.106.332
Arikara | Fort Berthold Indi...
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NA.106.332 | ca. 1875 | width: 1.625 in | Chandler-Pohrt Collection, Gift of Mr. William D. Weiss | Utensils and implements - Household. Burden strap - wide leather pad with leather strap attached to both ends. | NA.106.332.JPG | burden strap | leather | Arikara | Fort Berthold Indian Reservation, North Dakota

NA.202.196
Northern Plains | Arikara | ...
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NA.202.196 | ca. 1900 | bodice length: 27 in, sleeve length: 21.5 in | Dress and Adornment: Daily And/Or Festive Adornment. Man's -- Beige muslin with wrapped quillwork shoulder and sleeve tabs, neck and back tabs. Plastic button closure at neck. Sleeve tabs have red wool wrapped horse hair tassles attached. Buckskin fringe on neck, back, shoulder and sleeve tabs. | na.202.196.jpg | NA.202.196.JPG | shirt | hair | deer | hide | plastic | porcupine | wool | horse | muslin | quills | Tradecloth | Northern Plains | Arikara

NA.202.374
Northern Plains | Hidatsa | ...
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NA.202.374 | ca. 1885 | L: 31.25 in, width: 13.75 in | Chandler-Pohrt Collection, Gift of Mr. William D. Weiss | Dress and Adornment: Daily Attire And/Or Festive Attire. Men's -- Red, yellow and blue quill design, fringe and red and purple ribbon trim; black cloth edge at bottom; analine dyed, 5 bands of quillwork. | NA.202.374.jpg | leggings | purple | dyed | ribbon | blue | Red | fringe | yellow | analine | black | porcupine | quills | cloth | Northern Plains | Hidatsa

NA.205.102
Upper Missouri Region | Numa...
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NA.205.102 | ca. 1830-1840 | bonnet height: 15 in, bonnet width: 12 in, L: 9 in | The Paul Dyck Plains Indian Buffalo Culture Collection, acquired through the generosity of the Dyck family and additional gifts of the Nielson Family and the Estate of Margaret S. Coe | Horn bonnet with ermine and feathers on cap with full trailer with thirty-one eagle feathers. Trailer made of tanned hide with horse track and geometric feather design in brown pigment. Horse hair tips on feathers and horns. Bonnet brow band is red wool trade cloth with brass buttons. pony beads strung between horns. | na.205.102.jpg | bonnet | trailer | sinew | wool cloth | tanned hide | Horse Hair | brass buttons | horn | glass pony beads | owl feathers | ermine | pigment | golden eagle feathers | Upper Missouri Region | Numakiki | Mandan | North Dakota

NA.203.774
Mandan | arm bands | brass
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NA.203.774 | ca. 1885 | H: 3 x 3.125 in, L: 2.5 x 2.875 in, width: 2.25 x 2.25 in, circumference: 7.625 x 7.75 in | Chandler-Pohrt Collection, Gift of Mr. William D. Weiss | Dress and Adornment - Personal Adornment and Ritual Regalia. Brass armbands - ridged brass sheet with top and bottom edges bent over, reinforcing rod in one edge.g28 | NA.203.774.JPG | na.203.774.jpg | NA.203.774.JPG | arm bands | brass | Mandan

NA.106.183
Mandan | basket | bark | lea...
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NA.106.183 | 1860 | diameter of top: 11.75 in, H: 7 in | Chandler-Pohrt Collection, Gift of Mr. William D. Weiss | Utensils and Instruments; Household. Basket - willow rods and bark, box elder bark with woven triangle design in sides. Has leather handle. | NA.106.183.jpg | NA.106.183.JPG | Woven | triangle | basket | bark | leather | rods | handle | Willow | Mandan

NA.202.46
Northern Plains | Hidatsa or...
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NA.202.46 | ca. 1885 | bodice length: 30.375 in, overall length: 43 in, sleeve length: 26 in | Gift of Barry Williams | Dress and Adornment: Daily And/Or Festive Adornment. Man's -- Commercially tanned leather, wrapped quillwork in geometric design neck tab on orange background. Shoulder and arm tabs are done in matching design but in plaited from quilled decorations. Fringe along outside edge and shoulder tabs. Leather tabs at each corner. | na.202.46.jpg | NA.202.46.JPG | geometric | shirt | cloth | leather | tabs | quills | fringe | commercial | deer | hide | porcupine | trade | tanned | ermine | Red | Northern Plains | Hidatsa or (Arikara)

NA.203.1160
North Dakota | Mandan | brac...
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NA.203.1160 | 1865 | depth: 2.25 in | Dress and Adornment - Personal Adornment and Ritual Regalia. Bracelet. Two round twisted wires soldered together to form the bracelet. | na.203.1160.jpg | bracelet | brass | North Dakota | Mandan

NA.202.31
Hidatsa | North Dakota | Nor...
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NA.202.31 | ca. 1900 | L: 10.189 in, width: 4.125 in | The Crow Indian Collection of Dr. William and Anna Petzoldt, Gift of Genevieve Petzoldt Fitzgerald | Dress and Adornment: Daily And/Or Festive Adornment. Tanned, deer hide, wrapped quillwork in geometric design on vamp, quill border lane along bottom edge. Lazy stitch bead border lane along outside of bottom edge and up the heel. Soft soles. | NA.202.31.A&B.JPG | na.202.31.jpg | NA.202.31.jpg | geometric | Moccasins | hide | porcupine | lazy stitch | seed | deer | tanned | wrapped | Beads | quills | Hidatsa | North Dakota | Northern Plains