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Cody Firearms Museum

Makers
Colt's Patent Firearms Manufacturing Co., Hartford, CT, U.S.A. 7
Descriptions
steel 2355 military 37 walnut 486 iron 419
Names
firearm 4093
Use
rifle 1140
Date:
1856-1864
Dimensions:
L: 55.75 in, Barrel length: 37.5 in, H: 7.5 in
Credit Line:
Gift of Olin Corporation, Winchester Arms Collection
Gloss:
(Sheet attached to record) During the American Civil War, Colt sold 3125 of these .56 caliber rifles to the U.S. War Department. The first 1000 were used to initially arm the 1st Regiment U.S. Sharpshooters. When Sharps rifles were substituted for the Colts, the latter were sent to the Western theater and issued to the 21st Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry and the 2nd Regiment Michigan Volunteer Cavalry. This Colt Model 1855 military rifle or rifle-musket was manufactured 1856-1864; about 9300 were made. It has a 5-shot cylinder. The model was used in the Civil War. Although 7000 were delivered to the government, the arm was not popular with the troops due to flash leakage between the cylinder and the barrel; this sometimes caused a multiple discharge, which could wound the shooter.
Inscription:
top of receiver: COL. COLT HARTFORD, CT U.S.A. [left side of receiver:] COLT'S PATENT/(symbol)/NOV. 24th 1857 [left side of trigger guard:] 56 CAL. [in cylinder flute:] PATENTED SEPT. 10th 1850
Remarks:
A: gun B: ramrod; Sliver of wood out of stock at forend tip. Revolving Rifle, .56 caliber.
Model:
Colt Model 1855 (Root) Military Rifle
Caliber/Gauge:
.56
Serial Number:
8282
Accession Number:
1988.8.1675

As of 06-14-2017 this object is on display in the Cody Firearms Museum.
If you are making a special trip, please double-check before visiting.

Virtual Exhibits

June 2014 - New Items
June 2014 - New Items - Curated by Seth Johnson


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